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Hachigata-jou (鉢形城)

Hachigata Castle was a mountain castle built in Musashi Province (now Saitama Prefecture) in 1476 by Nagao Kageharu in defiance of the Yamanouchi-Uesugi Clan which his clan served when the then-clan head Uesugi Akisada passed him over for inheritance of the position of Nagao clan head in favor of his younger brother Nagao Tadakage.

Five years later, Oota Doukan of the Ougigayatsu branch attacked the castle and finally took the castle for Uesugi Akisada. During the next few decades the two branches of the Uesugi Clan fought over the castle.

After the Battle of Kawagoe Castle in 1546, the Houjou Clan became the rulers of Musashi, and Houjou Ujikuni became master of the castle in 1564. Thereafter it served as one of the bases from which the Houjou Clan controlled the Kantou.

It strategic position at an important crossroads made it a target for various attacking warlords, including Takeda Shingen in 1569 and Uesugi Kenshin in 1574, but its formidable defenses, both natural (nestled as it is between two rivers and high cliffs) and man-made, enabled it to repel all comers.

The castle withstood siege from 35,000 troops with a garrison of only 3,000 for a month during the Siege of Odawara, but Ujikuni finally surrendered on the condition that the lives of his men would be spared.

Hachiman-kami (八幡神)

Also known as: Yahata no Kami, Yawata no Kami, hachiman Daibosatsu (八幡大菩薩)

Hachiman is a Shinto God of War whose name means God of Eight Banners. He is a popular deity in Japan who is also worshiped as the god of agriculture and divine protector of the Japanese people.

Hachiouji-jou (八王子城)

Hachiouji Castle was a mountain castle built by Houjou Ujiteru on Mt. Fukazawa in 1587 in a strategic part of West Kantou (now Tokyo). Hachiouji, or "Eight Princes", was so named because the eight sons of the eight Buddhist Gozu Tenno deities were enshrined at the summit of the mountain.

Ujiteru made Hachiouji his main fortress, but in 1590 during the Siege of Odawara, Ujiteru and his main vassals raced to join the battle at Odawara, leaving only a few vassals, troops, mobilized peasants and their families—in all around 1000 to face the 15,000 of the combined armies of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Uesugi Kagekatsu, Maeda Toshiie, and Sanada Masayuki.

The castle was overrun and fell in a single day. Yokochikenmotsu Yoshinobu, the chamberlain, and the other vassals committed seppuku because they had not been able to take decisive action. The women and children killed themselves or threw themselves into the waterfall of the lord's palace, starting with Ujiteru's wife Hisa. Stories say that the waterfall ran with blood for three days and three nights.

Tokugawa Ieyasu later abandoned the castle.

The castle ruins were declared a historical landmark on June 9, 1951.

Hachiouji-shi (八王子市)

Hachiouji City is the eighth-largest city in Tokyo, a little west of Tokyo's center, and today serves mostly as a residential city for people working in Tokyo. It contains many schools and universities, and attractions include Takao-san, a popular hiking location, the Hachiouji Castle Ruins on Jinba-san around an hour outside the city, and the Tama Goryou.

Haguro-san (羽黒山)

One of the three sacred mountains of Dewa, a major pilgrimage destination for followers of Shugendou. It contains a 600-year old Five-Story Pagoda, built of wood without a single nail.

Hakkai (八海)

One of the Meikai Uesugi Army who specializes in Nokizaru, described as a man in his mid-thirties with a square, expressionless face.

Hakone Hachiri no Hanjirou (箱根八里の半次郎)

Hakone Hachiri no Hanjirou is the title character of a song popularized by Hikawa Kiyoshi and means "Hanjirou of Hakone's 8 ri." It was originally a poem composed by Mizumori Hideo.

Hakone Mototsumiya (箱根元宮)

Also known as: Hakone Gengu, Hakone-jinja Motomiya

Hakone Mototsumiya, built at the summit of Komagatake, is the rear shrine of Hakone Shrine. It was rebuilt in 1964 by Tsutsumi Yasujirou.

Hakone Ropeway (箱根ロープウェイ)

Hakone Ropeway is a funitel aerial lift located in Hakone, Kanagawa Prefecture connecting Mt. Souun to Tougendai on Lake Ashi. It was a single line until 2001; in 2002 it became two distinct sections: Mt. Souun to Oowaku Valley with 18 cabins/18 passengers each and Oowaku Valley to Tougendai with 30 cabins/18 passengers each. There are 4 stations on the line.

Hakone Tozan Tetsudou (箱根登山鉄道)

The Hakone Tozan Railway is a private railway company whose core lines are located in Odawara and Hakone, Kanagawa Prefecture. It is a part of the large Odakyuu Group.

The company operates both rail lines and cable cars (Hakone Tozan Cable Car). Its lines were founded in 1888, and its Hakone Tozan Line is the oldest mountain railway in Japan.

Hakone-en (箱根園)

Hakone-en is a cottage/botanical garden/aquarium/shopping mall complex located on the east bank of Lake Ashi managed until 1996 by Seibu Railway Co., now by Prince Hotel.

Hakone-jinja (箱根神社)

Hakone Shrine is a Shinto shrine located in Hakone Town, Kanagawa Prefecture, at the foot of Mt. Hakone along the shores of Lake Ashi. The shrine itself lies hidden in a dense forest, but its large red "floating" shrine gates (Torii of Peace) stand prominently in the lake.

From chronicles stretching back as far as the Nara Period (710-794), Hakone has been named as a spot sacred to the mountain-worshiping religion. The original shrine was founded during the reign of Emperor Koushou (475 BC – 393 BC) on Mt. Komagatake. Holy Priest Mangan revived and relocated the shrine to Lake Ashi in 757. It was separated into three parts dedicated to the deities whom legends says appeared to him in a dream as a Buddhist acolyte, government official and woman and asked him to deliver the grace of the Buddhist and Shinto religions onto mankind.

In the year 801, before general and shogun Sakanoue no Tamuramaro set out on an expedition to quell the Northeast by imperial command, he left an arrow as offering in front of a cedar tree at Hakone Shrine as a prayer for his victory. The tree become known as the Yatate Cedar, or 'Standing Arrow Cedar,' and in later years other legendary generals such as Minamoto no Yoshiie, shogun Minamoto no Yoritomo, and Minamoto no Yoshitsune all left arrows as offerings there.

The shrine was destroyed by fire in Toyotomi Hideyoshi's Siege of Odawara and rebuilt by Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Hakone-Kowakien (箱根小涌園)

Hakone-Kowakien is a spa and resort (including hotel and amusement park) located in Hakone Town. It is owned by Fujita Kanko Inc and was developed from the vacation villas of the Mitsui family (one of the most powerful families of merchants and industrialists in Japan whose business dates back to the Edo Era).

Hakone-machi (箱根町)

Hakone is a town located in the western part of Kanagawa Prefecture. It is a popular tourist location, hosting many hot springs, Hakone Shrine on the shore of the caldera lake, Lake Ashi, the volcanically-active Great Boiling Valley, and beautiful views of Mt. Fuji.

Hakone-yama (箱根山)

Mt. Hakone is a volcano centered in Hakone Town, Kanagawa Prefecture and a designated part of the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park. Lake Ashi lies against the south-western wall of the Hakone caldera, and many hot springs such as Hakone Onsen and Yugawara Onsen well up from its sides and base. It has been a health resort area such ancient times, and is now a well-known sight-seeing area.

Hakone-Yumoto (箱根湯本)

Also known as: Hakone Onsen (Hakone Hot Springs)

Hakone-Yumoto, or Hakone Hots Springs Source, is an area of Hakone Town dotted with hot springs which goes from the foot of Mt. Hakone up to about midway. The area is a designated part of Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park.

The area became famous during Toyotomi Hideyoshi's Siege of Odawara, when the armies gathered from all parts of the country relieved their boredom by visiting the hot springs during the long encampment around the massive Odawara Castle.

hakonha (破魂波)

The "soul-ripping attack" with which Oda Nobunaga defeated Kagetora, said to be capable of destroying the soul itself, removing it from the wheel of reincarnation.

Hamamatsu-shi (浜松市)

A city located in the western part of Shizuoka Prefecture which is the largest city in the prefecture. In the Sengoku Era Tokugawa Ieyasu held Hamamatsu Castle from 1570 - 1586.

han (藩)

The domain or fiefdom of a daimyo.

Hannya Shingyou (般若心経)

「羯締羯締 波羅羯締 波羅僧羯締 菩提娑婆訶 般若心経」

Also known as: The Heart of Perfect Wisdom Sutra / Heart Sutra / Essence of Wisdom Sutra

Said to be the best known and most popular of all Buddhist scriptures, the Heart Sutra contains a mantra which is described as "The great mantra, the mantra of great knowledge, the utmost mantra, the unequalled mantra, the allayer of all suffering."

The mantra itself is read "Gate gate Pāragate Pārasaṃgate Bodhi svāhā" (in Japanese: "Gyateigyatei haragyatei harasougyatei bojisowaka hannyashingyou") and can be translated "Oh she who is gone, gone! / Gone beyond / Gone completely beyond / Hail to awakening (enlightenment)".

Hanshin Tigers (阪神タイガース)

A professional Japanese baseball team based in Nishinomiya, Hyougo Prefecture, founded in 1935. It is one of the oldest baseball clubs in Japan and is owned by the Hanshin Electric Railway Company. It is part of the Japanese Central League.

Hara dobou onbokken shutan sirii

「ハラ・ドボウ・オンボッケン・シュタン・シリー」

A mantra of Daizuigu, also known as the "Kisshou Joudouhen" (吉祥浄土変), or "Happiness Pure Land Depiction" mantra, it calls upon Daizuigu for aid: "Daizuigu bodhisattva, destroyer of evil, let this impure earth become the Pure Land, bring salvation to the agony of Hell, and call happiness upon us."

Harajuku (原宿)

The district around Harajuku Station in the Ward of Shibuya in Tokyo, located between Shinjuku and Shibuya, known for its youth fashion.

Hase-dera (長谷寺)

A Buddhist temple of the Buzan School of the Shingon-shu in Nara which was built in the 17th century.

Hasedou-jou (長谷堂城)

The mountain castle located the Mogami land of Dewa (present-day Yamagata City) which was put under siege by Uesugi Kagekatsu in the Battle of Dewa. The Mogami and Date forces were able to successfully defend the castle.

Hatakeyama Yoshitsugu (畠山義継)
1552 - 1585

A Mutsu warlord who, hard-pressed by Date Masamune, asked for the intercession of Date Terumune, Masamune's retired father. However, he kidnapped Terumune at swordpoint instead. He was later killed by Masamune for his double-cross.

Hatayama Satoshi (波多山智)

Possessed by: Mori Ranmaru

A first-year junior high student at Takaya's school who appears to look up to Yuzuru. He is in the same band as Yuzuru. He is described as having a short, delicate figure with fine chestnut hair and hazel eyes so light they appear gold. He is half-Japanese and half-British.

He disappears after the fight at Jouhoku High.

Hayashiya Konbei (林家こん平)
Dec. 3, 1943

Also known as: Kasai Mitsuo (笠井光男), Kon-chan, Konbei-Shishou

Hayashiya Konbei is a comic story teller and performed on the show "Shouten," a Japanese TV comedy program with has been broadcast since 1966 and is the second-longest running TV show in Japan.

Heian-jidai (平安時代)
794 - 1184

Literally: "Era of Peace and Tranquility"; a period in Japanese history in which Chinese influences on Japanese culture, such as Confucianism, were at their height. The imperial court was at the peak of its power, and the capital was moved from Nara to Heian (now Kyoto). This era is greatly admired for its art, including poetry and literature (The Tale of Genji was written during this period). Buddhism, primarily in the form of two esoteric schools, Tendai and Shingon, began to spread throughout Japan.

Heizou (兵造)

A retainer of the Satomi Clan who acts as messenger between Matsuda and Satomi Yoshitaka.

Henstridge Davidson (ヘンストリッジ・デイビソン)

Titles: Maou
Also called: The Slaughterer
Race: Mazoku

The 20th Maou of the Mazoku.

Hida-no-kuni (飛騨国/飛驒国)

A province of ancient Japan which comprises the northern part of Gifu Prefecture today.

Hiei-zan (比叡山)

Mt. Hiei is a mountain to the northeast of Kyoto on which the Buddhist Tendai Enryaku Temple was founded by Saichou in 788. Oda Nobunaga razed its temples and towns and massacred its inhabitants in 1571 to check the power of the Tendai warrior monks, who had long been his enemies due to their strength and independence.

The temple was rebuilt and is still the Tendai headquarters.

Higashi (東)

Takaya's P.E. teacher at Jouhoku High.

Higo-no-kuni (肥後国)

A province of ancient Japan which is Kumamoto Prefecture on the island of Kyuushuu today. It bordered the provinces of Chikugo, Bungo, Hyuuga, Osumi, and Satsuma, and was held by the lords of those provinces during the Sengoku Period until Toyotomi Hideyoshi invaded Higo. He gave the province to Sassa Narimasa, then Kato Kiyomasa, then the Hosokawa Clan.

Higuchi Kanetoyo (樋口兼豊)
? - 1602

Title: Iyo no Kami

A Sengoku-era warrior and vassal of Uesugi Kenshin (he originally served Nagao Masakage at Sakato Castle).

He supported Uesugi Kagekatsu in the Otate no Ran after Kenshin's death and was appointed master of Noumine Castle for his military exploits. His eldest son, Higuchi Kanetsugu (Naoe Kanetsugu), also supported Kagekatsu.

He was succeeded by his third son Higuchi Hidekane upon his death.

Hildyard (ヒルドヤード)

A human kingdom neighboring Shinma Kingdom by sea, Hildyard is the only country with diplomatic ties to Shinma Kingdom from the beginning of the story. It takes around three days by ship to reach Hildyard from the Shinma territory of Voltaire.

Hirabayashi Mikio (平林幹夫)

Possessed by: Ashina Moriuji

Former Prime Minister and leader of a powerful political faction (the Hirabayashi Group) within the ruling party of the House of Representatives of the Japanese National Diet. He is described as a small, middle-aged man with a long narrow face and white hair.

Hirado-shi (平戸市)

A city in Nagasaki which was a major center of trade in the Sengoku and early Edo periods.

Hiragumo (平蜘蛛)

Also known as: Kotenmyou Hiragumo (古天明平蜘蛛)

Lit.: "flat spider"/"ancient dawn flat spider": a priceless Sengoku-era tea kettle owned by tea-master Matsunaga Hisahide which Oda Nobunaga coveted, so named because it was shaped like a crouched spider. The hiratagumo (written with the same characters) is a type of spider (uroctea compactilis) found throughout Japan.

When Nobunaga besieged Hisahide's castle at Shigisan with 20,000 troops, he declared, "If you should give the Hiragumo kettle over to me, I shall spare your life"—to which Hisahide replied, "Nobunaga shall have neither my head nor the Hiragumo kettle!"

Hisahide smashed the kettle before he committed seppuku to prevent Nobunaga from taking possession of it (another account says that he filled it with gunpower and blasted it along with his head over the castle walls).

(Though in the present era rare tea implements are valued highly, in the Sengoku era they were worth entire fiefdoms. One could not be a first-class tea master without owning one of these items.)

Hirahata-eki (平端駅)

A station on the north/south-bound railway line located in Yamato-Kooriyama, Nara, operated by Kintetsu Corporation. It open in 1915 and served around 4500 people per day in 2005.

Hirose-gawa (広瀬川)

A river that flows around Aoba Castle and Sendai City.

Hiroshima Touyou Carp (広島東洋カープ)

Also known as: Hiroshima, Carp, Koi ("carp" in Japanese)

A baseball team in the Japanese Central League, founded in 1949 and based in Hiroshima City. The team was founded with the name "Hiroshima Carp"; the "Touyou" part of the name came from the Touyou Kougyou Company (now Mazda), which became the team's chief sponsor in 1968.

Hiscruyff (ヒスクライフ)

Race: Human

Yuuri meets Hiscruyff on the ship to Van der Veer Island during his quest for the demon sword Morgif. Hiscruyff introduces himself as being from Missinai. He has a beige mustache and wears a wig of the same color. He has a daughter around five years of age named Beatrice.

Yuuri later learns that Hiscruyff is actually the former crown prince of Cavalcade who eloped with a merchant girl from Hildyard. After his younger brother dies of illness without an heir, he is called back by the royal family and his daughter given the right to inherit the throne.

Hitachi-no-kuni (常陸国)

An ancient province of Japan which bordered on the provinces of Iwashiro, Iwaki, Shimousa, and Shimotsuke. It is called Ibaraki Prefecture today.

hitobashira (人柱)

Lit.: "human pillar"; human sacrifices made to the gods during the construction of dikes, bridges, castles, etc. with the hope that the building would be protected against floods, invaders, and the like. The sacrifice is made by burying the person alive.

Hitotoribashi no Kassen (人取り橋の合戦/人取橋の戦い)

A battle fought between Date Masamune's 13,000 warriors and the 30,000 combined forces of the Hatakeyama, Satake, Ashina, Souma, and other clans in the neighboring area in Masamune's first years as the head of his clan. The Date warriors were driven back from Hitotori Bridge on the Seto River to Motomiya Castle, where, on the verge of annihilation, they prepared to make a last stand. However, in the night Satake Yoshishige's forces were miraculously called away by an invasion on the Satake's own land, and the rest of the clans retreated.

Hitotsubashi University (一橋大学)

One of the most renowned universities for the social sciences (especially commerce, economics, and sociology) in Japan, located in Tokyo.

Hokuriku-chihou (北陸地方)

The area of north-central Japan on the island of Honshuu along the Sea of Japan comprised of the prefectures of Toyama, Ishikawa, and Fukui. Niigata is sometimes also included.

Honjou Hidetsuna (本庄秀綱)

Son of Honjou Saneyori who, like his father, served Uesugi Kenshin. He was made master of Numata Castle.

After Kenshin's death, he took Uesugi Kagetora's side in the Otate no Ran. He escaped just before the surrender of the castle to Uesugi Kagekatsu. Afterwards, he continued to oppose Kagekatsu with Kanamari Chikatsuna of Sanjou Castle. In 1580, when Tochio Castle fell, he fled into the Aizu.

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