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Rai Sanyou (頼山陽)
1780 - 1832

An Edo-period historian and poet who was born on Jan. 21, 1780 in Hiroshima-han and died on Oct. 16, 1832. His father, Rai Shunsui (頼春水), was a Confucian scholar. His works included: The Unofficial History of Japan (日本外史), Chronicles of the Japanese Government (日本政記), Sanyou Poem Selections (山陽詩鈔), Notes on Morality (通義), etc.

raiban (礼盤)

A low box-type seat made of lacquered wood placed in front of the altar on which priests sit to perform religious ceremonies.

reidouhou (霊導法)

Also known as: reikon yuudou (霊魂誘導)
Lit.: "Way of Spirit Guidance", a method of freeing the bounds that tie jibakurei to a particular place and luring the spirits elsewhere. Anji reidou is one type of reidouhou.

reiha douchou (霊波同調)

Literally: "spirit-wave synchronization" or spirit-energy synchronization, a difficult technique which can be performed only by those with especially high-level spiritual powers. It allows one person to share the vision of another, and uses the mantra Naubou bagyabatei... Of the Yasha-shuu, only Kagetora and Nagahide are capable of this.

Kagetora can also synchronize with other divine servants of Bishamonten, such as the Gohou Douji, allowing him to control their movement and see through their eyes.

Reihi-kaku (霊庇閣)

Reihi Tower was built in 1654 near Kanmangafuchi by Koukai during the founding of Jiun Temple as a devotion to Fudou Myouou. Monks performed the Buddhist rite of cedar-stick burning there and prayed for peace and tranquility. The statue of Fudou Myouou placed there no longer exists, and the entire structure was washed away by a flood in 1902. The current structure was a restoration built in 1971 by Rinnou Temple.

reinamiryoku (霊波力)

Lit.: "power of spiritual waves; one of the two types of spiritual abilities of the Yasha-shuu which influences the consciousness, mind, and soul of a target. Choubukuryoku is a high-level form of this ability.

reisa (霊査)

Also known as: reisa-nouryoku (霊査能力)

Lit.: "Spiritual investigation"; the ability to use the spiritual senses to distinguish between residual thought signatures, and thus recognize spiritual entities. A person with a high-level form of this ability could potentially recognize souls by the pattern of their "soul-nucleus", which is the part of the soul that remains unchanged through purification and rebirth, especially if they had met that person before previously. Haruie and Kousaka both excel at this ability, though Kousaka seems to be one of the few to possess a very high-level form of it.

Rendan-hou (連壇法)

Lit.: "Joined platforms method": two rituals performed at the same time in counterpoint to each other. Performing the goma-dan rituals of Gouzanze Myouou-hou and Daiitoku Myouou-hou together is one example.

ressa-choubuku (裂炸調伏)

Lit. "rend-exploding exorcism"; a type of choubuku which uses the incantation "ari nari tonari..."

ri (里)

An old unit of measurement used in China and Japan which is approximately 3.9 km or 2.44 miles.

Rick (リック)

Race: Human

Rick is the boy Yuuri meets on the luxury liner bound for Van der Veer Island. He is around thirteen years of age and was raised among pirates. He got on the ship disguised as a sailor apprentice and was responsible for drugging the guards and lowering the ladder to allow the pirates easy access. He later fights Yuuri at the Van der Veer arena on the last day of the Fire Festival.

Rinnou-ji (輪王寺)

Rinnou Temple is a Tendai Buddhist complex located in Nikkou, Tochigi Prefecture. It was founded by in 766 by Holy Priest Shoudou and became an attractive retreat for those seeking solitude due to its location deep in the mountains of Japan.

In 1590, during the Siege of Odawara, Toyotomi Hideyoshi seized the temple for supporting the Houjou side, causing its decline. However, during the Tokugawa Shogunate Tenkai became the chief priest of the temple and began its revival.

Many structures and artifacts within the temple are designated National Treasures or Important Cultural Properties. One of the most famous is its main building, Sanbutsudou (三仏堂) or Three Buddha Hall, so-named because it houses large gold lacquered wooden statues of Amida, Senju-Kannon ("Kannon with a thousand arms") and Bato-Kannon ("Kannon with a horse head"). The three deities are regarded as Buddhist manifestations of the three mountain deities of Nikkou enshrined at Futarasan Shrine.

The Black Gate, which is uniformly black from its pillars to its roof tiles, guards the entrance to both Sanbutsudou and the Treasure House.

The Kaizandou, or Founder's Hall, enshrines Shoudou and is located to the north of Toushou Shrine.

Ritual of Unification by Fire (火合の法)

A ritual designed by the Houjou to fuse the energies forms of human souls, trees, and earth by binding souls to sacred cedar trees and torching those trees. Once fused, the Houjou would have a wellspring of energy they could call upon as a weapon to conquer the country.

Roku Dou Sekai (六道世界)

Also known as: Roku Dou Kai (六道界), Roku Dou (六道)

Lit. "Six Path Worlds" or just "Six Paths"; a Buddhist belief stemming from Hinduism which says that all beings are trapped within a cycle of life and death and are born into one of six realms until they are enlightened and can break free from the cycle. The six realms are: Jigoku Dou, Gaki Dou, Chikushou Dou, Ashura Dou, Nin Dou, and Ten Dou.

Rokumeikan (鹿鳴館)

The Rokumeikan was a large two-story building commissioned by Foreign Minister Inoue Kaoru for the housing of foreign guests in Tokyo, designed by Western architect Josiah Conder and completed in 1883. Its purpose was to impress Western visitors, and it became famous for its elaborate banquets and balls, with Japanese gentlemen and ladies in European evening wear dancing Western-style dances such as the waltz and quadrille.

Ropelewski Arsenio (ロベルスキー・アーセニオ)

Titles: Maou
Also called: The Mighty Warrior King
Race: Mazoku

The 22nd Maou of the Mazoku.

Roppongi (六本木)

A district located in Minato Ward, Tokyo, popular among business people and for its nightlife.

Ryuuou-zan (龍王山)

Lit.: "Dragon-King Mountain", so named as a prayer to the gods for rain (the Dragon King is the god of rain). Located near Tenri City in Nara, Mt. Ryouuou is home to the Chougaku Temple and at one time the Ryuuouzan Castle.

Ryuuouzan-jou (竜王山城)

Lit.: "Dragon-King Mountain Castle"; a castle built on Mount Ryuuou behind Chougaku Temple by Toichi Tootada around 1533. It was one of the largest castles in Yamato, divided into a North Castle and a South Castle (the North Castle alone was second only in size to Shigisan Castle). Tootada died in 1545, and his son and heir Toichi Tookatsu became master of the castle. When Miyoshi Nagayoshi took power in the capital, his vassal Matsunaga Hisahide invaded Yamato. Tookatsu formed an alliance with Tsutsui Junkei to fight him, but his daughter was taken prisoner, and Tookatsu submitted to Hisahide.

In 1564 at Miyoshi Nagayoshi's death, Tsutsui Junkei formed an alliance with the "Miyoshi Triumvirate" against Matsunaga Hisahide. Toichi Tookatsu was unable to defend Ryuuouzan Castle against the Akiyama Clan, who were allied with Matsunaga. He abandoned Ryuuouzan Castle, and the Akiyama Clan set fire to the castle and countryside. This led to the legend of the 'hoihoi fires' (also known as the 'janjan fires'), which says that on a summer evening when it looks like rain, firefalls will come flying at the person who shouts 'hoihoi' towards the castle ruins.