Also written as: Etchu
An ancient province of Japan bordering on Echigo, Shinano, Hida, Kaga, and Noto, which is now Toyama Prefecture. The territory was contested by the clans of neighboring provinces during the Sengoku Era, the Uesugi Clan among them. The Oda Clan took the province from Uesugi Kagekatsu, and Sassa Narimasa governed the area for a number of years, followed by the Akimoto, Matsudaira, and Hosokawa Clans.
A province of ancient Japan which comprises the northern part of Gifu Prefecture today.
A province of ancient Japan which is Kumamoto Prefecture on the island of Kyuushuu today. It bordered the provinces of Chikugo, Bungo, Hyuuga, Osumi, and Satsuma, and was held by the lords of those provinces during the Sengoku Period until Toyotomi Hideyoshi invaded Higo. He gave the province to Sassa Narimasa, then Kato Kiyomasa, then the Hosokawa Clan.
A small mountain-ringed province located on the main island of Honshuu famous for its clan of ninja. It is considered one of the birthplaces of the ninja arts, and was at one time a kind of republic which lived outside of feudal rule. However, Oda Nobunaga invaded the province with an overwhelming force of 40,000 - 60,000 troops in 1581, two years after a failed invasion by his son Oda Nobukatsu, ruthlessly slaughtering many of its inhabitants, thus putting an end to the independence of the Iga Republic.
Also known as: Yoshuu (予州)
An ancient province of Japan located in present-day Aichi Prefecture .
Also known as: Senshuu (泉州)
A province of ancient Japan which is now a part of south-western Osaka Prefecture.
A province of ancient Japan that is today a part of southern Ishikawa Prefecture which once bordered on the provinces of Echizen, Ecchuu, Hida, and Noto. The priest Rennyo of Hongan Temple arrived in the 15th century to preach the tenets of True Pure Land Buddhism, which spread rapidly among the samurai and peasants of the region. They banded together into the Ikkou Sect to create a "Peasant's Kingdom", which lasted for a hundred years until Sakuma Morimasa overthrew it by order of Oda Nobunaga in 1580.
Three years later, Maeda Toshiie invaded the province and took it for Toyotomi Hideyoshi. The Maeda Clan ruled it thereafter, focusing on culture and art instead of military and warfare, and developed the province into the richest domain outside of Tokugawa Shogunate. Kaga was famous for its gold-leaf, inlaid work, and calligraphy, promoted by its Maeda lords.
Kazusa was a province of ancient Japan which is now the south-central part of Chiba Prefecture. It was held by several clans, including the Kazusa-Takeda, Sakai, Toki, and Awamasaki (under Satomi) Clans. Later the Takeda, Sakai, and Toki Clans submitted to the Houjou Clan, which continued fighting fierce battles with the Satomi Clan.
Also known as: Kouzuke-no-kuni, Joushuu (上州)
An ancient province of Japan governed by the Uesugi Clan which is now the prefecture of Gunma.
An ancient province of Japan on the island of Honshuu which is now the northeastern part of Okayama Prefecture.
Musashi Province, a province of ancient Japan, was comprised of the present-day prefecture of Tokyo as well as parts of Saitama Prefecture and Kanagawa Prefecture. It was the largest province in the Kantou and was formed in the 7th century. It was governed by many, many clans, including the original Houjou Clan for about 100 years starting from the 1210s. The Later Houjou Clan took the territory in the late Sengoku Era after the Battle of Kawagoe Castle in 1546 drove out the Uesugi influence. Tokugawa Ieyasu took control of the Kantou after the fall of the Houjou Clan in 1590.
Also known as: Tsu-no-kuni (津国), Sesshuu-no-kuni (摂州)
A province of ancient Japan which is the eastern part of Hyougo Prefecture and the northern part of Osaka Prefecture today. During the Sengoku Era, the Miyoshi Clan ruled the province as well as its bordering provinces Izumi and Kawachi, until they were conquered by Oda Nobunaga.
An ancient province of Japan which is now the Prefecture of Nagano. Its abbreviated name is Shinshuu. Shinano was one of Takeda Shingen's centers of power during his battles with Uesugi Kenshin and bordered on the provinces of Echigo, Etchu, Hida, Kai, Kozuke, Mikawa, Mino, Musashi, Suruga, and Totomi. Its capital was located near the present-day city of Matsumoto.
Abbreviated name for Shinano, an ancient province in central Japan.
An ancient province located in south-central Japan, now the western part of Shizuoka prefecture. Tootoumi was controlled by the Imagawa Clan during the Sengoku Period; when Imagawa Yoshimoto fell to Oda Nobunaga, Takeda Shingen and Tokugawa Ieyasu both invaded it and partitioned it between them. During the Edo Period, Hamamatsu-han and Kakegawa-han were established in Tootoumi, ruled by a hereditary vassal of the Tokugawa Clan.