Glossary: place - province

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Dewa-no-kuni (出羽)

An ancient province of Japan with was split from Echigo, comprising of parts of the modern prefectures of Yamagata and Akita. It was held by the Mogami and Akita clans.

Ecchuu-no-kuni (越中国)

Also written as: Etchu

An ancient province of Japan bordering on Echigo, Shinano, Hida, Kaga, and Noto, which is now Toyama Prefecture. The territory was contested by the clans of neighboring provinces during the Sengoku Era, the Uesugi Clan among them. The Oda Clan took the province from Uesugi Kagekatsu, and Sassa Narimasa governed the area for a number of years, followed by the Akimoto, Matsudaira, and Hosokawa Clans.

Echigo-no-kuni (越国)

An ancient province in north-central Japan which was ruled by Uesugi Kenshin during the Sengoku Period. Now a part of Niigata Prefecture.

Hida-no-kuni (飛騨国/飛驒国)

A province of ancient Japan which comprises the northern part of Gifu Prefecture today.

Higo-no-kuni (肥後国)

A province of ancient Japan which is Kumamoto Prefecture on the island of Kyuushuu today. It bordered the provinces of Chikugo, Bungo, Hyuuga, Osumi, and Satsuma, and was held by the lords of those provinces during the Sengoku Period until Toyotomi Hideyoshi invaded Higo. He gave the province to Sassa Narimasa, then Kato Kiyomasa, then the Hosokawa Clan.

Hitachi-no-kuni (常陸国)

An ancient province of Japan which bordered on the provinces of Iwashiro, Iwaki, Shimousa, and Shimotsuke. It is called Ibaraki Prefecture today.

Iga-no-kuni (伊賀国)

A small mountain-ringed province located on the main island of Honshuu famous for its clan of ninja. It is considered one of the birthplaces of the ninja arts, and was at one time a kind of republic which lived outside of feudal rule. However, Oda Nobunaga invaded the province with an overwhelming force of 40,000 - 60,000 troops in 1581, two years after a failed invasion by his son Oda Nobukatsu, ruthlessly slaughtering many of its inhabitants, thus putting an end to the independence of the Iga Republic.

Iyo-no-kuni (伊予国)

Also known as: Yoshuu (予州)

An ancient province of Japan located in present-day Aichi Prefecture .

Izu-no-kuni (伊豆国)

Izu was a ancient province of Japan that consisted of the Izu Peninsula, today a part of Shizuoka Prefecture, and the Izu Archipelago, today a part of Tokyo. During the Sengoku Period, Houjou Souun took Izu as his first province.

Izumi-no-kuni (和泉国)

Also known as: Senshuu (泉州)

A province of ancient Japan which is now a part of south-western Osaka Prefecture.

Kaga-no-kuni (加賀国,)

A province of ancient Japan that is today a part of southern Ishikawa Prefecture which once bordered on the provinces of Echizen, Ecchuu, Hida, and Noto. The priest Rennyo of Hongan Temple arrived in the 15th century to preach the tenets of True Pure Land Buddhism, which spread rapidly among the samurai and peasants of the region. They banded together into the Ikkou Sect to create a "Peasant's Kingdom", which lasted for a hundred years until Sakuma Morimasa overthrew it by order of Oda Nobunaga in 1580.

Three years later, Maeda Toshiie invaded the province and took it for Toyotomi Hideyoshi. The Maeda Clan ruled it thereafter, focusing on culture and art instead of military and warfare, and developed the province into the richest domain outside of Tokugawa Shogunate. Kaga was famous for its gold-leaf, inlaid work, and calligraphy, promoted by its Maeda lords.

Kai-no-Kuni (甲斐国)

Also known as: 甲州 (Koushuu)

An ancient province in central Japan which was ruled by Takeda Shingen during the Sengoku Period. Now known as Yamanashi Prefecture.

Kazusa-no-kuni (上総国)

Kazusa was a province of ancient Japan which is now the south-central part of Chiba Prefecture. It was held by several clans, including the Kazusa-Takeda, Sakai, Toki, and Awamasaki (under Satomi) Clans. Later the Takeda, Sakai, and Toki Clans submitted to the Houjou Clan, which continued fighting fierce battles with the Satomi Clan.

Kouduke-no-kuni (上野国)

Also known as: Kouzuke-no-kuni, Joushuu (上州)

An ancient province of Japan governed by the Uesugi Clan which is now the prefecture of Gunma.

Mikawa-no-kuni (三河国)

And ancient province of Japan located on Honshuu which forms the eastern half of Aichi Prefecture today. Mikawa bordered on the provinces of Owari, Mino, Shinano, and Totomi.

Mikawa was the original domain of Tokugawa Ieyasu before he gained control of the Kantou.

Mimasaka-no-kuni (美作国)

An ancient province of Japan on the island of Honshuu which is now the northeastern part of Okayama Prefecture.

Mino-no-kuni (美濃国)

An ancient province of Japan on the island of Honshuu which is the southern part of Gifu Prefecture today. Mino bordered on the provinces of Echizen, Hida, Ise, Mikawa, Omi, Owari, and Shinano.

Musashi-no-kuni (武蔵国)

Musashi Province, a province of ancient Japan, was comprised of the present-day prefecture of Tokyo as well as parts of Saitama Prefecture and Kanagawa Prefecture. It was the largest province in the Kantou and was formed in the 7th century. It was governed by many, many clans, including the original Houjou Clan for about 100 years starting from the 1210s. The Later Houjou Clan took the territory in the late Sengoku Era after the Battle of Kawagoe Castle in 1546 drove out the Uesugi influence. Tokugawa Ieyasu took control of the Kantou after the fall of the Houjou Clan in 1590.

Mutsu-no-kuni (陸奥国)

Also known as: Oushuu (奥州)

The largest province of ancient Japan, situated in northern Honshuu, which was ruled by various clans during the Sengoku, including the Uesugi, Nambu, and Date. It was divided into the prefectures of Fukushima, Miyagi, Iwate, and Aomori.

Noto-no-kuni (能登国,)

An ancient province of Japan, today the Noto Peninsula in Ishikawa Prefecture. It bordered on the Ecchuu and Kaga provinces.

Ouu-no-kuni (奥羽)

Name for the combined provinces of Mutsu and Dewa.

Owari-no-kuni (尾張国)

The western half of present-day Aichi Prefecture, this province was the birthplace of Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi.

Sagami-no-kuni (相模国)

An ancient province in south-central Japan which was ruled by the Later Houjou Clan during the Sengoku Period. Now a part of Kanagawa Prefecture.

Sanuki-no-kuni (讃岐国)

A ancient province located on Shikoku which bordered on the provinces of Awa and Iyo, now called Kagawa Prefecture. During the Sengoku Period, Sanuki belonged to the Miyoshi Clan before it was taken over by Chousokabe Motochika, then Toyotomi Hideyoshi.

Settsu-no-kuni

Also known as: Tsu-no-kuni (津国), Sesshuu-no-kuni (摂州)

A province of ancient Japan which is the eastern part of Hyougo Prefecture and the northern part of Osaka Prefecture today. During the Sengoku Era, the Miyoshi Clan ruled the province as well as its bordering provinces Izumi and Kawachi, until they were conquered by Oda Nobunaga.

Shimotsuke-no-kuni (下野国)

An ancient province of Japan held by various daimyo in the Sengoku Period which is now the prefecture of Tochigi.

Shinano-no-kuni (信濃国)

An ancient province of Japan which is now the Prefecture of Nagano. Its abbreviated name is Shinshuu. Shinano was one of Takeda Shingen's centers of power during his battles with Uesugi Kenshin and bordered on the provinces of Echigo, Etchu, Hida, Kai, Kozuke, Mikawa, Mino, Musashi, Suruga, and Totomi. Its capital was located near the present-day city of Matsumoto.

Shinshuu (信州)

Abbreviated name for Shinano, an ancient province in central Japan.

Suruga-no-kuni (駿河国)

The eastern part of present-day Shizuoka Prefecture, ruled by the Imagawa clan for much of the Sengoku Period. It was later taken over by Takeda Shingen when Imagawa Yoshimoto was defeated by Oda Nobunaga. When Tokugawa Ieyasu came to power the province was assigned to one of his allies.

Tootoumi-no-kuni (遠江国)

An ancient province located in south-central Japan, now the western part of Shizuoka prefecture. Tootoumi was controlled by the Imagawa Clan during the Sengoku Period; when Imagawa Yoshimoto fell to Oda Nobunaga, Takeda Shingen and Tokugawa Ieyasu both invaded it and partitioned it between them. During the Edo Period, Hamamatsu-han and Kakegawa-han were established in Tootoumi, ruled by a hereditary vassal of the Tokugawa Clan.

Yamato-no-kuni (大和国)

An ancient province of Japan situated on Honshuu which is present-day Nara Prefecture.