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Jeannot von Karbelnikoff (フォンカーベルニコフ・ヤノット)

Titles: Maou
Also called: The Stern
Race: Mazoku

The 23rd Maou of the Mazoku.

jibakurei (地縛霊)

Lit. "earth-bound spirit"; a spirit who has a strong attachment to the place of its death and is therefore bound to it as a spirit. The attachment is usually an intense hatred towards someone or something. This bound is not easily broken, and requires the use of very strong powers in a ceremony such as reidouhou.

jichinhou (地鎮法)

Lit.: "earth-tranquilizing method"; a spell that neutralizes an invocation of the dead.

Jigoku Dou (地獄道)

Lit. "Path of Hell"; the lowest, cruelest realm of the Six Realms of Buddhism, filled with torture and aggression.

jike (地気)

Lit.: Earth-energy; the 'mood' or 'energy' of the earth, generated by the accumulated energies of both living beings and spirits who live in that location. Conversely, the earth-energy also influences the energies of its inhabitants.

jike-kekkai (地気結界)

Lit.: "earth-energy barrier"; one type of juso-kekkai which is erected for the purpose of manipulating the 'mood' or 'energy' of the earth, which in turn influences all living beings and spirits within its radius. It can be used to brainwash people, as in the case of a saimin-kekkai.

jikitotsu (直綴)

The robe normally worn by Buddhist monks, usually made of dark cloth.

Jikokuten (持国天)

Also known as: Dhṛtarāṣṭra

Jikokuten, He Who Upholds the Realm, is one of the Four Heavenly Kings and guardian of the East. He is the god of music, and his symbolic weapon is the pipa (sometimes called the Chinese lute), which he uses to convert others to Buddhism. He is harmonious and compassionate and commands an army of Kendatsuba (celestial musicians) and Bishasha (vampire demons) to protect all beings.

Jikou-ji (慈光寺)

Lit. Light of Mercy Temple

A temple of the Shingon school of Esoteric Buddhism located in the suburbs of Sendai. The head abbot of the temple is Kokuryou Keinosuke.

The temple is likely fictional. There are real temples named "Jikou", but apparently none in Sendai.

Jinba-san (陣馬山)

A mountain located on the border between Hachiouji City, Tokyo and Sagamihara City, Kanagawa Prefecture. It was chosen as one of the 50 scenic locations of Kanagawa Prefecture.

The name of the mountain was once written with the characters 陣場 (pronounced the same), which literally means "place of encampment", and it was thus named because it was the place where the Takeda army camped during its attack on the Houjou Takiyama Castle. The name was changed to its present form with "place" replaced by "horse" in the 1950s when the Keio Corporation built a white horse at the summit to promote tourism.

Jinguu Gaien (神宮外苑)

The Jinguu Gaien is the garden surrounding the Meiji Jinguu, which is the largest Shinto shrine in Tokyo. It is also called the Outer Garden, encompassing 70 acres of forest land with more than 100,000 trees from hundreds of species from all over Japan.

Jinja Daishou (深沙大将)

Great General Jinja, also known as Great King Jinja, is a Buddhist guardian deity often mentioned as one of the sixteen virtuous deities in the Great Perfection of Wisdom Sutra.

He is described as wearing a necklace of skulls and a skirt of elephant hide, sometimes carrying a spear or snake.

Jinja-ou

A manifestation of Bishamonten, Jinja-ou is said to have aided Xuanzang in his journey to retrieve Buddhist scriptures from India. He is the god of bridge-building and serpents.

Jinjaou-dou (深沙王堂)

A small shrine to Jinja-ou, the god who helped Shoudou cross the Daiya River by casting down a pair of snakes to formed a bridge.

The current shrine was rebuilt in 1978.

Jinzuu-gawa (神通川)

Also written as: Jintsuu River, Jinduu River

A primary river, 120 km in length, which flows from Mount Kaore in Gifu Prefecture (where it is called the Miya River) northward into Toyama Bay in Toyama Prefecture. Matsu River is one of its tributaries.

Jirou-kun, Ichirou-kun, Saburou-kun (ジローくん, イチローくん, サブローくん)

Jirou-kun, Ichirou-kun, and Saburou-kun are the monikers Yuuri gives to the trio of sharks he meets when he lands in the ocean on his third trip to Shinma Kingdom.

The names are from an action-adventure video game called Ookami, which combines Japanese mythology and folklore to tell the story of the Shinto sun goddess, Amaterasu, saving the land from darkness. In the game, Jirou and Saburou are male and female crab demons which combine together to form Ichirou the shark.

Jouhoku (城北)

Lit: "castle-north"; the name of the high school at which Narita Yuzuru and Ougi Takaya are 2nd-year students, located in Matsumoto City. Likely fictional. However, the manga implies that the real-life equivalent is Fukashi High (深志高) view map location, which is indeed "north of the (Matsumoto) Castle".

School begins in May. Some of the classes Takaya takes are: Classical Literature, Modern Japanese, English, Math, Physics, P.E. and an art elective with choices of Fine Arts, Music, and Calligraphy. Takaya and Yuzuru both take Fine Arts. Their day is divided into Periods, with one class per Period. It sounds like classes rotate into different Periods as the week progresses; for example, in Volume 2 chapter 4, Chiaki tells Takaya that the Math teacher assigned him a problem for Second Period today, because he wasn't there for First Period yesterday.

Joujou Masashige (上条政繁)
1545 - 1643

Also known as: Hatakeyama Yoshiharu (畠山義春), Uesugi Masashige (上杉政繁)

Son of Hatakeyama Yoshitsugu, he was one of Uesugi Kenshin's adopted sons. His legal wife was the daughter of Nagao Masakage.

In the beginning he was taken by Kenshin as a hostage, but his abilities were noticed by Kenshin, who adopted him. He became the head of the Joujou-Uesugi Clan and married one of Uesugi Kagekatsu's sisters. He was distantly related to the Uesugi Clan and was content with his standing within the clan. He distinguished himself in the numerous battles Uesugi fought against Oda Nobunaga and Houjou Ujimasa.

He fought for Kagekatsu in the Otate no Ran after Kenshin's death. Afterwards, he fought and checked invasion by the Oda army several times and was made master of Kaidu Castle. In 1584, his son (Kagekatsu's nephew) was sent to Toyotomi Hideyoshi (Kagekatsu had no sons of his own at the time). In compensation, he was exempted from military service.

In 1586, he accompanied Kagekatsu to the capital, but afterwards he left the Uesugi Clan, leaving his wife and children behind. In rage, Kagekatsu confined Masashige's wife (his sister) and children for almost ten years. There are various theories regarding the reasons for Masashige's defection, including slander from Naoe Kanetsugu, Kagekatsu's trusted commander and advisor, a close relationship with Shibata Shigeie, and mistrust from Kagekatsu because Masashige was also one of Kenshin's adopted sons.

He later became a vassal of Tokugawa Ieyasu and changed his family name back to Hatakeyama. He fought for Ieyasu in the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 and lived in Edo until his death.

Joukyou Gimin Memorial (貞享義民記念館)

A memorial hall located in Azumino, Nagano, founded in 1992 to honor the selfless spirit of those who died in the Kasuke Uprising.

Joumon-jidai (縄文時代,)

The period of Japanese pre-history from 14,000 BC to 400 BC during which the Joumon people created some of the first pottery in the world, characterized by markings made with sticks wrapped with cords.

Jouzan (城山)

Also called: Jouyama

Lit.: "Castle Mountain", located in the north-west of Matsumoto City.

juso-kekkai (呪詛結界)

Lit.: "curse-barrier"; a barrier built to bring about some special effect.

Juuniten (十二天)

Also known as: 12 Celestial Beings, 12 Deva, 12 Deva Guardians

The highest-ranking deities of the highest heaven of the Plane of Desire who are particularly important to the Shingon sect of Esoteric Buddhism. The 12 Devas are guardians of the 12 directions: the eight cardinal and ordinal directions, up, down, sun, and moon. The twelve are: Bonten, Taishakuten, Suiten, Bishamonten, Enmaten, Katen, Rasetsuten, Ishanaten, Futen, Nitten, Gatten, Chiten.