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Zaou Gongen (蔵王権現)

A deity specific to Japanese Buddhism who is the protector of Shugendou. He is typically represented with three eyes, bristling hair divided into three parts, one leg raised, and an expression of rage on his face. He is bluish black in color. His right hand holds a three-pronged vajra, and his left hand forms the mudra of the sword.

zashikiwarashi (座敷わらし)

Little selfish, mischievous spirits who look like children and live in ceilings or old storehouses. It is said that a family which houses one of these spirits becomes rich, but misfortunes befalls the family if the spirit leaves. Children can see these spirits, but adults cannot.

Zenkoujidaira (善光寺平)

Lit. "Light of Goodness Temple Plains"; A basin within the mountains of central Nagano City in Nagano Prefecture.

Zenouden (善応殿)

The mausoleum of Sendai-han's third-generation lord, Date Tsunamune, which was burned down in a fire, along with Zuihouden of Sendai-han's first-generation lord, Date Masamune and the Kansenden of Sendai-han's third-generation lord, Date Tadamune, in World War II. It was rebuilt in 1985.

Zouchouten (増長天)

Also known as: Virūḍhaka

Zouchouten, He Who Causes to Grow, is one of the Four Heavenly Kings and guardian of the South. He is the god of growth and leads an army of Kumbhāṇḍas, grotesque demons with huge stomachs and testicles as big as pots.

Zuihouden (瑞鳳殿)

The mausoleum where Date Masamune is enshrined, located in Sendai City, Miyagi Prefecture. It was built in the year after his death according to his last will and testament by the next lord of Sendai-han, Date Tadamune. It was designated a national treasure in 1931.

However, the mausoleum sustained massive damage from an airstrike by the US Air Force on July 10, 1945 during strategic bombings in World War II. It was burned down in a fire, along with the Kansenden of Sendai-han's second-generation lord, Date Tadamune and the Zenouden of Sendai-han's third-generation lord, Date Tsunamune.

There was dispute over the reconstruction of the mausoleum, but reconstruction began in 1974 and finished in 1979. During excavation of the site, Date Masamune's remains and burial accessories were discovered.

Zuikeiin (瑞渓院)

Zuikeiin was the principle wife of Houjou Ujiyasu. They married in 1538, and she bore him his son and heir Houjou Ujimasa, as well as Houjou Ujikuni, Houjou Ujinori, Houjou Ujiteru, and Houjou Saburou (Uesugi Kagetora), though these last two are in debate. She was the daughter of Imagawa Ujichika and sister of Imagawa Yoshimoto.