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naamaku sanmanda bodanan kiriku kaku sowaka

「ナァマク・サンマンダ・ボダナン・キリク・カク・ソワカ」

A mantra calling on the Buddhas in general and Dakiniten in particular.

Nagano-ken (長野県)

Formerly known as the province of Shinshuu, Nagano Prefecture is located in central Japan on Honshuu Island. Its capital is the City of Nagano.

Nagano-shi (長野市)

The capital city of Nagano Prefecture, which grew from a small town around a 17th-century Buddhist temple.

Nagao Akikage (長尾顕景)

A commander of the Sengoku, head of the Sousha-Nagao Clan in Kouzuke Province.

Nagao Kagenao (長尾景直)

Adopted son of Nagao Fujikage and vassal of Uesugi Kenshin who supported Uesugi Kagetora in the Otate no Ran after Kenshin's death. His territory was reduced after the war. In rebellion, he later defected to Oda Nobunaga.

Nagao Masakage (長尾政景)
1526 - Aug. 11, 1564

Nagao Masakage was the son of Nagao Fusanaga, heir to the Ueda-Nagao Clan, and master of Sakato Castle in Echigo. He was betrothed to his distant relative Nagao Kagetora (later Uesugi Kenshin)'s older sister Sentouin in 1537. He retired from the position of clan head in 1548 in favor of Kagetora.

Masakage rebelled against Kagetora in 1550, but surrendered to his fierce attacks in 1551 and thereafter became one of his chief vassals. In 1556, he managed to persuade Kagetora to come back to the clan when he decided to give up the title of clan head and become a monk.

Masakage died of drowning in 1564 in a pond near Sakato Castle. Some say that he fell off a boat while drunk, though Kenshin maintained that it was assassination.

His son Uesugi Kagekatsu inherited the position of Nagao clan head, but since he had been adopted by Kenshin, the Ueda branch of the Nagao family merged with the Fuchuu branch.

Nagao Tamekage (長尾為景)
1471 - 1537

A daimyo of Echigo, who became the head of his clan when his father was killed in battle in 1506. Father of Nagao Harukage and Uesugi Kenshin. Nagao Tamekage was a man of cunning who did not hesitate to strike at his lord's clan, the Uesugi, to gain control of Echigo, and was a noted warrior of many battles.

Nagasaki-ken (長崎県)

A prefecture on the south-western coast of Kyushu Island; its capital is the City of Nagasaki. It has had close ties with foreign cultures for centuries and was a major center for foreign trade. It was also where most Christian missionaries landed during the sixteenth century, and is still the area with the largest concentration of Christians in Japan.

Nagasaki-shi (長崎市)

The largest city in and capital of Nagasaki Prefecture, Nagasaki began as a small harbor town which quickly grew into a large port city following the accidental landing of Francis Xavier in nearby Kagoshima Prefecture and the establishment of trade with Portuguese merchants.

Nagasaki also became the point of entry of Christianity into Japan, and its daimyo, Oomura Sumitada, and many of its inhabitants converted to Christianity. However, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, wary of Christian influence in the region, ordered the expulsion of all missionaries 1587, an order that largely went unenforced. Although 26 Japanese and foreign Christians were executed in Nagasaki in 1597, Christianity was grudgingly tolerated until 1614, when Christianity was officially banned and all missionaries ordered to leave. Following the ban, the Tokugawa shogunate killed and tortured Christians across Japan to force them to renounce their faith.

The rebellion at Shimabara near Nagasaki in 1636-1638 convinced the government that Christianity and disloyalty were linked. 30,000 Japanese Christians were massacred and a policy of national isolation descended in 1639, closing foreign trader with all but the Dutch.

Isolationism only ended with the arrival of Commodore Perry's 'Black Ships' in 1853, and Nagasaki would become an important economic city once more after the Meiji Restoration. Its main industry was ship-building, a fact which made it a target for the second atomic bomb to be dropped on Japan during World War II.

Nagashima-chou (長島町)

A town located in Mie Prefecture (formerly Ise Province). It was a base for the Ikkou Sect during the Sengoku Era, but was destroyed by Oda Nobunaga.

Nagasue Sawako (永末佐和子)

Takaya and Miya's mother, who left them and her husband when his business failed and he became a violent alcoholic. She changed her name to Nagasue when she remarried. She now lives in Sendai and has a young son.

Naitou (内藤)

A dealer of antique art in Nagasaki who buys a Kwannon statue from the Yanase family and sells it to his friend Akai in Ibaraki Prefecture.

Nakagaya-mura (中萱村)

The village where Tada Kasuke was headman, now a district of Azumino City in Nagano.

Nakajou Kageyasu (中条景泰)
1558 - 1582

Also known as: Yoshie Yoji (吉江与次)
Title: Echizen no Kami

Son of Yoshie Kagesuke, he served Uesugi Kenshin from childhood, and Kenshin had much affection for him. In Kenshin's assault against Asahiyama Castle in 1573, the hot-blooded 14-year-old Kageyasu dashed toward the enemy's gun corps, ignoring Kenshin's efforts to hold him back. Kenshin ordered his vassals to retrieve Kageyasu, resulting in many deaths. Afterwards Kenshin confined Kageyasu and prohibited him from going into battle.

In 1574 Kageyasu married the daughter of Nakajou Kagesuke and succeeded his father-in-law (who had no sons) as head of the Nakajou Clan.

He supported Uesugi Kagekatsu in the Otate no Ran after Kenshin's death along with his father and grandfather and served as his close aide.

After Kawada Nagachika's death in 1581, he was sent to the front lines and defended Ecchuu from Oda Nobunaga along with his father Yoshie Kagesuke but committed suicide in the same year with his father and grandfather when Uozu Castle fell. It's said that he was engaged in battle so constantly that he never set foot in the main castle of the Nakajou Clan from his succession to his death.

Nakamura Norihiro (中村紀洋)
July 24, 1973

Also known as: Nori (ノリ)

Norihiro Nakamura is a professional Japanese baseball player who has played with the Osaka Kintetsu Buffaloes, Los Angeles Dodgers, Orix Buffaloes, and Touhoku Rakuten Golden Eagles. He is a power hitter who currently (2009) plays 3rd base for the Golden Eagles.

Nakayama Ienori (中山家範)
1548 - Aug. 25, 1590

Also known as: Kageyuzaemon (勘解由左衛門), Nakayama Yoshinori (中山吉範)

Nakayama Ienori was a vassal of Houjou Ujiteru. His father served the Musashi Yamanouchi-Uesugi Clan, then the Houjou Clan.

Ienori fought at Hachiouji Castle during the Siege of Odawara. He refused Maeda Toshiie's offer to spare his life and died there at the age of 43.

Nakko (ナッコ)

Morino Saori's friend in the Tennis Club at Jouhoku High, who sees the ghost of a blood-stained old man in the locker room.

Namu Tobatsu Bishamonten (南無刀八毘沙門天)

Lit. "Hail Eight-Sword Bishamonten" Chanted during "light-enclosing exorcism," the summoning of the Sword of Bishamonten, and other invocations to Bishamonten.

Nantai-san (男体山)

Also known as: Futara-san (二荒山)

Mount Nantai is one of the 100 famous mountains in Japan, located in Nikkou, Tochigi Prefecture and formed from a stratovolcano. It is worshiped as a sacred mountain and was first scaled by Shoudou in 782, who founded the first shrines there.

Naoe Kanetsugu (直江兼続)
1560 - 1620

Also known as: Higuchi Kanetsugu (樋口兼続)

Born the eldest son of Higuchi Kanetoyo, Kanetsugu was a chief retainer of Uesugi Kenshin who supported Uesugi Kagekatsu in the Otate no Ran after Kenshin's death. When Naoe Nobutsuna was killed over the question of reward after the intra-house war without an heir, ending the noble Naoe family line, Uesugi Kagekatsu ordered Kanetsugu (22) to marry Naoe Nobutsuna's widow, Osen-no-Kata (25), and take the Naoe family name. The two got along so well that Kanetsugu never took a concubine.

Kanetsugu was famously known to wear the character '愛' (love) on his helmet.

Naoe Nobutsuna (直江信綱)
? - Oct. 6, 1581

Also known as: Nagao Kagetaka (長尾景孝), Nagao Toukurou (長尾藤九郎)
Title: Yamato no Kami (大和守)

Historically: Son of Nagao Akikage, he became head of the Sousha-Nagao Clan at a young age. He later (around 1545) passed the position to his younger brother Nagao Kagefusa. When the clan was destroyed by Takeda Shingen and their territory lost, the family escaped into Echigo. There Kagefusa became a monk, and Kagetaka was adopted by Naoe Sanetsuna when he married Sanetsuna's daughter, Osen-no-Kata. He succeeded his adopted father as master of Yoita Castle in 1577 and was a vassal of Uesugi Kenshin. He promptly took the side of Uesugi Kagekatsu during the war for succession after Kenshin's death and mobilized the members of the Naoe Clan at the castle to subdue Kagetora's troops.

After the intra-house war and Kagekatsu's victory, a question of reward was called into question. Yasuda Akimoto, one of Kagekatsu's trusted commanders, had promised rewards to Shibata Shigeie, Mouri Hidehiro, and others to convince them to join Kagekatsu's side. However, Yamazaki Hidenori, Naoe, and others objected, for they had risked life and limb at Kasugayama Castle from the very beginning of the battle, while Shibata Shigeie and the others had been lured by promise of reward from Yasuda Akimoto.

Yasuda Akimoto committed suicide when he could not keep his promise of reward. Later, Mouri Hidehiro, carrying a grudge for his death, murdered Yamazaki Hidenori at Kasugayama Castle; Naoe, who was with him at the time and took up a sword to defend himself, was killed as well. His death ended the Naoe line, which Kagekatsu later resurrected by marrying Naoe's widow, Osen-no-Kata to Higuchi Kanetsugu and commanding him to take the Naoe name.

In Mirage of Blaze: According to Kousaka Danjou, and Houjou Ujiteru he was the ringleader of Uesugi Kagekatsu's forces in the Otate no Ran. He is now Uesugi Kagetora's protector and one of the Yasha-shuu under his command. He alone, as Kagetora's protector, was given the power to perform kanshou on other souls, a power he used to force Kagetora's soul into Minako's body.

Naoe Sanetsuna (直江実綱)
1509 - 1577

Also known as: Naoe Kagetsuna (直江景綱), Naoe Masatsuna (直江政綱)
Title: Yamato no Kami (大和守)

Historically: A trust-worthy and courageous vassal of Uesugi Kenshin who served as one of his military commanders. Also served Kenshin's father (Nagao Tamekage) and older brother (Nagao Harukage) and was an excellent adminstrator. Adopted Naoe Nobutsuna when he married Sanetuna's daughter Osen-no-Kata, since he had no sons of his own.

Naoetsu (直江津)

Naoetsu, or Naoe Port, is a district of Jouetsu-shi (formerly Naoetsu City) in the prefecture of Niigata. It was established as a port city by Naoe Kanetsugu, who built a harbor there in the provincial capital of Echigo.

Nara Kouen (奈良公園)

Nara Park is a large public park in central Nara City, established in 1880. It holds many attractions, including the Toudai Temple, Kasuga Shrine, and the Nara National Museum. It is also home to hundreds of freely roaming deer (considered messengers of the gods according to Shinto folklore) which have been designated and are protected as a National Treasure of Japan.

Nara-eki (奈良駅)

A five-track railway station located in Nara City operated by the West Japan Railway Company (JR West). It opened in 1890.

Nara-jidai (奈良時代)
710 - 794

Also known as: Tempyou-jidai (天平時代), lit. "Heavenly Peace Period"

The era in Japanese history when Buddhism was permanently established as a religion, though not yet as the state religion. Emperor Shoumu was a fervent believer, and the Toudai Temple with its sixteen-meter-high bronze statue of Dainichi Nyorai was built in Nara during his reign.

Nara-ken (奈良県)

A prefecture on Honshu Island; its capital is the City of Nara. Historically the site of many famous and powerful Buddhist temples.

Nara-shi (奈良市)

The capital of Nara Prefecture, it was also the capital of Japan during the Nara Period from 710 to 784 and was modelled after Xi'an, the capital of the Chinese Tang Dynasty.

Narai-gawa (奈良井川)

Lit: Nara Well River; A river of 56.3 km which flows from the Central Japanese Alps into Nagano Prefecture and through Matsumoto City from east to west.

Narita Yuzuru (成田譲)

Possessed by: Takeda Shingen (temporarily)

Ougi Takaya's best friend and an honor student at his school.

Notes: He appears as 'Yuzuru' in narration. Takaya calls him 'Yuzuru'. Naoe calls him 'Yuzuru-san', and Chiaki calls him 'Narita'.

National Highway 20 (国道20号)

A highway running across central Japan that starts in the center of Tokyo and ends in Shiojiri City in Nagano Prefecture.

National Route 1 (国道1号)

National Route 1 is a major highway on the main island of Honshuu in Japan which links Tokyo to the important prefectural capitals of Yokohama (Kanagawa Prefecture), Shizuoka, Nagoya (Aichi Prefecture), Otsu (Shiga Prefecture), Kyoto, and Osaka.

Natsume Souseki (夏目漱石)
1867 - 1916

Also known as: Natsume Kinnosuke (夏目金之助)

A writer who was considered the foremost novelist of the Meiji Era in Japan. His picture appeared on the Japanese blue D series 1000-yen note, which was issued from 1984-2004.

Naubou aratannau torayaya naumaku ariya barokitei jinbaraya boujisatobaya makasatobaya (ナウボウ・アラタンナウ・トラヤヤ・ナウマク・アリヤ・バロキティ・ジンバラヤ・ボウジサトバヤ・マカサトバヤ)

The beginning of the Dharani of Great Compassion, which, transliterated from Sanskrit, is:

Namo Ratna Trayaya Namah Arya Avalokiteshvaraya
Bodhisattvaya Mahasattvaya Mahakarunikaya

or alternately;

Namo Ratna Trayaya
Namo Aryavalokiteshvaraya
Bodhisattvaya
Mahasattvaya
Mahakarunikaya

and can be translated:

"Hail to the Three Jewels! Hail to the noble Avalokiteśvara! Mahasattva. Great Compassionate One!"

naubou bagyabatei ushunishaya on roro soboro jinbara chishuta shidda roshani sarabaarata sadaniei so

「ナウボウ・バギャバティ・ウシュニシャヤ・オン・ロロ・ソボロジンバラ・チシュタ・シッダ・ロシャニ・サラバアラタ・ザダニエイ・ソワカ」

A mantra of and reverence to Butsugen Butsumo, the Buddha-eye.

naumaku sanmanda bodanan indoraya sowaka (ナウマク ソンマンダ ボダナン インドラヤ ソワカ)

Shingon of both Śakra and the 'God of Thunder.' Unique to Japanese Buddhism, Śakra, Lord of the Devas (Śakro devānām indraḥ) is worshiped as the 'God of Thunder' and is often paired with the God of Wind.

"naumaku sanmanda bodanan" = a devotion to the Buddhas/"homage to all the Buddhas"
"indoraya sowaka" = reverence to Śakra, or "hail Śakra!"

Nawate-doori (なわて通り)

A street running along the northern bank of the Metoba River in Matsumoto full of small old-fashioned shops.

nee-san (姉さん)

Also: "onii-san (お姉さん)", "onii-sama (お姉さま)", "onii-chan (お姉ちゃん)", "nii-sama (姉さま)", "nii-san (姉さん)", "nii-chan (姉ちゃん)"

"Older sister"—like nii-san, one of those very simple terms which is unfortunately difficult to translate because of the differences in usage between English and Japanese. In Japanese, it is much more natural to call your (older) sister "nee-san" or "onee-san" rather than by their given name. It connotates a degree of respect and at the same time a certain closeness. ("Onee-sama" indicates more formality, "onee-chan" indicates more familiarity.)

One can also use "onee-san" to refer politely to an unrelated slightly older female.

In Mirage of Blaze, Takaya initially calls Ayako "Onee-san" (actually, "おねーさん") and later "Nee-san" ("ねーさん"), which has a somewhat slangy feel to it, and might actually be translated as "Sis" if it had the same rough connotation as "Bro".

nendouryoku (念動力)

Lit.: "power of telekinesis"; one of the two types of spiritual abilities of the Yasha-shuu which uses spiritual energy to affect a substance. Naoe levitating pebbles against Takaya is one example.

nenpa (念波)

Lit.: "waves of will/thought"; a nendouryoku attack using spiritual energy which focuses the will and releases it in a burst to strike at a target.

Nerima-jou (練馬城)

Nerima Castle was a castle built around 1331-1333 by a branch of the Toshima Clan as a residence in their territory of Nerima. It once stood in what is now Toshima Amusement Park in Nerima City, Tokyo.

The castle was thought to have fallen in 1477 along with the Toshima main castle of Shakujii in the Battle of Egota-Numabukurohara when Oota Doukan of the Yamanouchi and Ougigayatsu Uesugi clans defeated Toshima Yasutsune, who had sided with Nagao Kageharu against the Uesugi clans in Nagao Kageharu's Rebellion in 1476.

Nerima-ku (練馬区)

Nerima City is one of Tokyo's twenty-three special wards (self-governing, special municipalities existing only in Tokyo) and lies at the northwestern edge of the twenty-three. It is known for its daikon raddish and has the largest agricultural area of any of the Tokyo special wards. Nerima is also known for being the birthplace of anime.

Nibbashi-gawa (日橋川)

A river which runs through the center of Fukushima Prefecture in a north-westerly direction.

Nicola (ニコラ)

Race: Human

Nigel Weiss Maxine (ナイジェル・ワイズ・マキシーン)

Race: Human

Nihon-Kai (日本海)

The Sea of Japan, also known as the East Sea, lies to the north of the Japanese Islands and is bordered by Japan, Korea, and Russia.

nii-san (兄さん)

Also: "onii-san (お兄さん)", "onii-sama (お兄さま)", "onii-chan (お兄ちゃん)", "nii-sama (兄さま)", "nii-san (兄さん)", "nii-chan (兄ちゃん)"

"Older brother"—one of those very simple terms which is unfortunately difficult to translate because of the differences in usage between English and Japanese. In Japanese, it is much more natural to call your (older) brother "nii-san" or "onii-san" rather than by their given name. It connotates a degree of respect and at the same time a certain closeness. ("Onii-sama" indicates more formality, "onii-chan" indicates more familiarity.) This is the same reason most children in both cultures call their parents "Mom" and "Dad" instead of by their given names.

One can also use "onii-san" to refer politely to an unrelated slightly older male.

Niigata-ken (新潟県)

A prefecture in north-central Honshuu Island stretching along the Sea of Japan; its capital is Niigata City. The prefecture was combined from the ancient provinces of Echigo and Sado.

Niigata-shi (新潟市)

The capital city of Niigata Prefecture.

Nikkou Bosatsu (日光菩薩)

Also known as: Suryaprabha

Lit.: "Sunlight/Solar Radiance Bodhisattva", a bodhisattva whose whose specialty is sunlight and good health, often seen with her sister Gakkou Bosatsu, the Moonlight Bodhisattva, with whom she serves Yakushirurikou Nyorai, the Medicine Buddha. They are also sometimes attendants of Kannon.

At the Toudai Temple in Nara, she stands to the right of Fukuukenjaku Kannon.

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