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Tachibana Harue (橘春枝)

Tachibana Harue is Tachibana Yoshiaki's mother. She is married to the head priest of the Kougen Temple, a branch of Shingon-shu Buzan-ha, in Utsunomiya. She has three sons, Yoshiaki's older brothers Tachibana Teruhiro and Tachibana Yoshihiro and a daughter, Tachibana Saeko.

Tachibana Saeko (橘冴子)

Tachibana Saeko, Tachibana Yoshiaki's older sister, is the only daughter of the Tachibana family. She is married and lives in Tokyo.

Tachibana Teruhiro (橘照弘)

Tachibana Teruhiro, Tachibana Yoshiaki's eldest brother, is older than him by twelve years. He makes a living as a realtor, but also carries a monk's license. He is married and lives with his family at the temple in a separate building.

Tachibana Yoshiaki (橘義明)

Birthday: May 3
Height: 6'2"
Weight: 165 lbs
Blood type: AB
Possessed by: Naoe Nobutsuna.

The current incarnation of Naoe, who is the third son of the Tachibana family and a monk of Shingon-shu Buzan-ha at the Kougen Temple in Utsunomiya. He is about twelve years older than Takaya.

Tachibana Yoshihiro (橘義弘)

Tachibana Yoshihiro is Tachibana Yoshiaki's older brother and second son of the Tachibana family. He is heir to the Kougenji.

Tada Kasuke (多田加助)
? - 1686

The headman of Nakagaya village in Matsumoto who submitted a petition to lower taxes in Matsumoto to the same level as that of surrounding areas, thus inciting the Kasuke Uprising. He was one of the 28 ringleaders executed, along with his two sons and younger brother.

It was said that as he was being crucified, Kasuke set a curse against Matsumoto Castle, whose main tower began to tilt from that time and remained tilted until its major renovation in the 1950s.

He was enshrined in 1736, fifty years after the uprising, in a small shrine within the Kasuke home. Two hundred years after his death, the Joukyou Gimin Shrine was built in his hometown (now Sankyou Nakagaya in Azumino), and his and the remains of twelve other people executed with him were transferred there. In 1992 the Joukyou Gimin Memorial was founded.

Tadenuma Yasushige (蓼沼泰重)
? - 1582

Vassal of Uesugi Kenshin and Uesugi Kagekatsu, older brother of Tadenuma Tomoshige. He was ordered by Kagekatsu to defend Uozu Castle and died there in 1582 along with twelve other Uesugi Commanders when the castle was besieged by the Oda army.

Taiga drama (大河ドラマ)

A Japanese history-themed drama series produced by the Nihon Housou Kyoukai (Japan Broadcasting Corporation), Japan's public broadcast station, every year since 1963.

Taiheiki (太平記)

Lit.: "Chronicles of Tranquility"; a work of classical Japanese literature spanning forty volumes and documenting events from 1318 to 1368, the Taiheiki is a war chronicle written primarily about the war between the Northern Court of Shogun Ashikaga Takauji in Kyoto and the Southern Imperial Court of Emperor Go-Daigo in Yoshino.

The "Tranquility" in its title is thought to be a prayer for peace or a prayer for the repose of the dead.

taiji-kanshou (胎児換生)

Lit. "embryo-possession", a type of kanshou in which a body is possessed at birth.

Taikouki (太閤記)

Also known as: 絵本太閤記 (Ehon Taikouki)

The Taikou Chronicles is a biography of Toyotomi Hideyoshi published by Confucian scholar Oze Hoan in 1626 during the reign of the 3rd Tokugawa Shogun. (Taikou, or retired adviser to the emperor, was Hideyoshi's title and is commonly used to refer to him.) It spans 20 scrolls and is cited as Hideyoshi's authentic biography, but is written from the author's particular historical viewpoint and contains some changes from the historical archives upon which it is based.

Taishou-tennou (大正天皇,)
Aug. 31, 1879 – Dec. 25, 1926

The 123rd emperor of Japan, who reigned from 1912 upon the death of his father, Emperor Meiji, until his death in 1926. He contracted meningitis within weeks of his birth, which affected his health both physically and mentally. He would eventually be nicknamed "Baka Tennou", "the Mad/Idiot Emperor". His son, Emperor Shouwa, succeeded him upon his death of heart attack.

Taiyuu-inbyou (大猷院廟)

The Taiyuu Mausoleum is the lavish mausoleum of the third Tokugawa Shogun, Tokugawa Iemitsu, built by his son Ietsuna in 1653. Its architecture and layout resembles that of Toushou Shrine, and features both Buddhist and Shinto structures, though built on a more modest scale than Toushou Shrine out of Iemitsu's respect for his grandfather Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Takao-eki (高尾駅)

Takao Station is an above-ground JR East/Keiou railway station located in Hachiouji City, Tokyo. It serves around 58,700 people per day for the two companies.

Takao-Jinba Toritsu Shizenkouen (高尾陣馬都立自然公園)

The (Metropolitan) Takao-Jinba Natural Park is a mountainous district east of Hachiouji City and was designated a natural park in 1950. The area is well-known for its abundance of flora and fauna and is crisscrossed with hiking trails.

Takeda Katsuyori (武田勝頼)
1546 - 1582

Also known as: Suwa Katsuyori (諏訪勝頼)

Fourth son of Takeda Shingen. His mother was not Sanjou, but Suwa Goryounin, the daughter of the head of a defeated clan, Suwa Yorishige, Shingen's concubine. He was originally kept out of the line succession to the Takeda clan by being made head of the Suwa Clan. However, when Shingen's heir, Takeda Yoshinobu was found plotting against his father and ordered to commit suicide, Shingen named Katsuyori's son, Nobutatsu, his heir and Katsuyori guardian. Katsuyori took over rule of the Takeda clan when his father died.

Katsuyori was decribed as a brave and exceptionally skilled fighter, but lacking in strategy when he took over the Takeda army. In 1578, during the Otate no Ran, he betrayed his allies the Houjou clan and took Uesugi Kagekatsu's side, thus adding the Houjou to his list of enemies. He was increasing unpopular with the people of Kai due to heavy drafts caused by defeats in battle with the Oda, Tokugawa, and Houjou clans.

In 1582 Kai and Shinano were invaded by the combined arms of Oda, Tokugawa, and Houjou. Most of Katsuyori's troops abandoned him, and he committed suicide.

Takeda Shingen (武田信玄)
1521 - 1573

Also called: Takeda Katsuchiyo, Takeda Harunobu
Title: Shinano no Kami

Historically: Daimyo of Kai who became the head of the Takeda clan by rebelling against his father. Conquered Shinano and fought against Uesugi Kenshin. The two clans clashed five times on the plains of Kawanakajima, where neither gained complete victory until Shingen died of illness in his campaign against Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Takeda Yoshinobu (武田義信)
1538 - 1567

Eldest son of Takeda Shingen and Sanjou-no-Kata, he was Shingen's heir to the Takeda Clan. However, he was found plotting against Shingen and made to commit suicide.

Takeda Yuiko (武田由比子)

Possessed by: Sanjou (temporarily), Princess Itsu (temporarily).

Takeda Yuiko is a descendant of the Takeda Clan. She is able to sense spirits, an ability which makes her a target for the onryou. She is around the same age as Takaya; Takaya first gets a hint of his powers when he sees her engulfed in heatless flame as Sanjou, who had possessed her body, fought with her for control.

After the Sanjou episode, Yuiko and Saori become penpals. Saori later visits her in Tokyo.

Takenomata Yoshitsuna (竹俣慶綱)
1524 - 1582

Titles: Mikawa no Kami

A vassal of Uesugi Kenshin who fought in the Battle of Kawanakajima in 1561. He was commended for his bravery when he continued fighting even after losing both his horse and his armor. He supported Uesugi Kagekatsu in the Otate no Ran. Later, he committed suicide in the Battle of Uozu Castle along with twelve other Uesugi commanders.

Takiyama-jou (滝山城)

Lit.: "Waterfall-mountain Castle"

Ooishi Sadashige, Musashi-no-Kami and vassal of the Yamanouchi-Uesugi Clan, built Takiyama Castle in 1521. In 1546, Houjou Ujiyasu took Kawagoe in a night battle (the Battle of Kawagoe Castle, destroying the Ougigayatsu-Uesugi Clan and erasing the influence of the Yamanouchi-Uesugi Clan in Musashi. Sadashige's son Ooishi Sadahisa adopted Houjou Ujiteru as his heir, then later became a vassal of the Houjou Clan. Ujiteru took over as the master of the castle and made massive repairs to it around 1558.

In 1569, Takeda Shingen's army of 20,000 camped to the north of the castle en route to an assault on Odawara Castle. A small force of 1,000 led by Oyamada Nobushige attacked from Kobotoke Ridge, penetrating all the way to the outermost walls, but a force of 2,000 Houjou troops staved off the attack.

However, following his near-defeat, Ujiteru decided that the castle's defenses were not optimal and abandoned it in favor of Hachiouji Castle.

Tamanawa-jou (玉縄城)

Tamanawa was a mountain castle built by Houjou Souun in 1513 as a strategic point guarding over the Miura Peninsula and Musashi Province. Its moat ran directly into Kashio River and from there into Sagami Bay, providing a launching point for sea battles.

The castle was reputed to be impregnable; it turned aside a combined force led by Satomi Yoshitoyo and Ashikaga Yoshiaki in 1526 as well as further attacks by the Satomi Clan. Both Uesugi Kenshin and Takeda Shingen gave up on its capture in their forays into Sagami. The last Houjou master of the castle, Houjou Ujikatsu, surrendered to Toyotomi Hideyoshi in the Siege of Odawara.

During the Edo Period, the castle was the stronghold of several trusted retainers of the Tokugawa before finally being abandoned in 1703. A girls' school (<a href="http://izumi.seisen-h.ed.jp/">Seisen Junior and Senior High School</a>) is now located at the castle's former site. Only the earthworks of its highest point remain, though even those are difficult to discern through the thick trees and shrubs that cover the area.

Tamon-jou (多聞城)

Also known as: Tamonyama-jou (多聞山城)

A castle built by Matsunaga Hisahide, located in Nara City. It was named for Tamonten (another name for Bishamonten).

Hisahide began construction of the castle in 1560 and finished two years later. When Hisahide rebelled against Oda Nobunaga in 1573 and lost, Tamon Castle passed into the hands of Akechi Mitsuhide, then Shibata Katsuie. When Nobunaga made Tsutsui Junkei governor-general of Yamato in 1577, he ordered Tamon Castle to be torn down. Many of its stones were used in the fortification of Tsutsui Castle and Kooriyama Castle. Hisahide died the following year at Shigisan Castle.

Nothing now remains of the castle. The municiple Wakakusa Middle School stands on its former site.

Tamura Kiyoaki (田村清顕)
? - 1586

A daimyo of Sengoku Japan in Mutsu Province. His only daughter, Megohime, married Date Masamune.

Tanabata (七夕)

Also known as: Festival of the Weaver, Weaver Star Festival

A festival held on July 7th celebrating an ancient Chinese legend, in which Altair (the Cowherd Star) and Vega (the Weaver Star), who were divided by the River of Heaven (the Milky Way) come together for this one night of the year. On this day people decorate the branches of a bamboo with colored strings and strips of paper on which poems or proverbs have been written. The Tanabata Festival is most famous in Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture and Hiratsuka, Kanagawa Prefecture.

Tanaka (田中)

One of Takaya's classmates.

Taniguchi (谷口)

One of Takaya's classmates.

tanka (短歌)

Lit.: "short poem", an ancient form of Japanese poetry composed of 31 syllables, arranged in groups of 5, 7, 5, 7 and 7. Well-written tanka poems are elegant, lyrical, and suggest associations far deeper than the surface words.

tanuki (タヌキ or 狸)

Nyctereutes procyonoides, the raccoon dog, which in Japanese mythology is depicted as a master of disguises and shape-shifting, and in character is mischievious and merry but also gullible and absent-minded.

Tanzawa-sanchi (Tanzawa Mountains)

The Tanzawa Mountains, or Tanzawa Mountain Range, covers the northwestern part of Kanagawa Prefecture and touches the borders of Shizuoka Prefecture to the west and Yamanashi Prefecture to the north.

Taritsu taboritsu paraboritsu shayanmei shayanmei tararasantan raenbi sowaka (タリツ・タボリツ・パラポリツ・シャヤンメイ・シャヤンメイ・タララサンタン・ラエンビ・ソワカ)

The mantra of Daigensui Myouou. An alternative transliteration is:

ノウボウ タリツ タボリツ ハラボリツ シャキンメイ シャキンメイ タラサンダン オエンビ ソワカ
Noubou taritsu taboritsu haraboritsu shakinmei shakinmei tarasandan oenbi sowaka

tatami (畳)

Woven straw mats used as traditional Japanese flooring.

Japanese rooms are traditionally measured by the number of tatami mats laid out in it, the dimensions of which are 90 cm x 180 cm x 5 cm.

Tate-yama (館山)

There are several mountains called Mt. Tate ("tate" meaning "mansion" or "small castle") in Japan. The Mt. Tate referenced in the Houjou arc of Mirage of Blaze is located near the south-western tip of Chiba Prefecture. It was a part of Awa-no-kuni in the Sengoku Era and ruled by the Satomi Clan, who built Tateyama Castle there. Tateyama City grew out of the old castle town.

Tateshina-yama (蓼科山)

Also called: Suwafuji (i.e. the Fuji of Suwa)

A mountain located in Nagano Prefecture and among the 100 famous mountains of Japan.

Teduka (手塚)

One of Takaya's classmates.

Ten Aristocratic Houses (十貴族)

The ten aristocratic families which govern their own territories under the rule of the Maou. Their family names are the names of the territories they rule with the word "von" or "(noble) from" attached. The Ten Aristocratic Houses are: von Bielefelt, von Grantz, von Gyllenhaal, von Karbelnikoff, von Kleist, von Spitzweg, von Radford, von Rochefort, von Voltaire, von Wincott.

Each aristocratic house name seems to come from a figure in literature/drama:

- Bielefelt: (Melina Bielefelt), actress
- Grantz: (Kevin Grantz) actor
- Gyllenhaal: (Maggie, Jake Gyllenhaal) actress, actor
- Karbelnikoff: (Michael Karbelnikoff) director, producer, cinematographer
- Kleist: (Heinrich von Kleist) German poet, dramatist, novelist and short story writer
- Radford: (Michael Radford) actor
- Rochefort: (Jean Rochefort) actor
- Spitzweg: (Carl Spitzweg) painter and poet
- Voltaire: (François-Marie Arouet) French writer, essayist, and philosopher
- Wincott: (Jeff/Michael Wincott) actor

Ten Dou (天道)

Lit. "Path of Heaven"; the highest realm of the Six Realms of Buddhism: celestial beings who hold god-like powers and live in happiness and pleasure for countless ages, but who will still eventually die because they are too filled with pride to reach enlightenment.

Tendai (天台宗)

A Japanese school of Mahayana Buddhism descended from the Chinese Tiantai (Lotus Sutra) school and originally brought to Japan by the Chinese monk Ganjin in the middle of the 8th century. However, it did not become widely accepted until the Japanese monk Saichou brought additional texts on Tiantai back from China and established the famed temple Enryaku-ji on Mount Hiei. Saicho added elements from the Zen, Esoteric (mikkyou), and Vinaya Schools to Tiantai to form the Tendai teachings.

Tenkai (天海)
1536 - Nov. 13, 1643

Tenkai was a Tendai Buddhist monk who achieved the highest rank of the priesthood and became abbot of Kita-in at Kawagoe in 1588. He served Tokugawa Ieyasu as liaison between the Tokugawa Shogunate and the Imperial Court at Kyoto. After Ieyasu's death in 1616, he also served the 2nd Tokugawa Shogun, Tokugawa Hidetada, and the 3rd, Tokugawa Iemitsu. Among his projects were the rebuilding of Enryaku Temple on Mount Hiei, the restoration of Rinnou Temple in Nikkou, and the establishment of Kan'ei-ji in Ueno.

Tenri-eki (天理駅)

A train station located in Tenri City in Nara which opened in 1898.

Tenri-shi (天理市)

A city located in Nara Prefecture, founded on April 1, 1954. The Tenrikyo religion, for which the city is named, originated there.

Tenrikyo (天理教)

Lit.: "Teaching of Divine Reason", a Japanese religion founded in 1838 by Miki Nakayama which focuses on the attainment of joyous life on Earth through charity and abstention from greed, selfishness, hatred, anger and arrogance. It believes in a single god who is the creator of the universe and parent of humanity.

The spiritual headquarters of Tenrikyo is in the city of Tenri, where the religion was created and which was named after the religion. There are around 2 million followers of Tenrikyo today.

In late July-early August, the Children's Pilgrimage, or "Return to the Main Sanctuary", draws around 300,000 to Tenri City. Events are held in which children are encouraged in their growth and broaden their circle of friends.

Tenshou-nenkan (天正年間)
1573 - 1592

The Tenshou Years was the span of years from 1573 to 1592 of the latter part of the Sengoku Era, marked by regional wars. The era name was suggested by Oda Nobunaga, formed of the characters for "heaven" and "righteousness/correctness", from a phrase by Chinese philosopher Laozi: "Those who are at peace with nature bring all under Heaven into its correct pattern."

Terashima Nagasuke (寺島長資)
? - June 22, 1582

Vassal of Uesugi Kagekatsu and son of Yoshie Kagesuke who died with his brother, father, and grandfather at Uozu Castle when it fell to Oda forces in June of 1582.

Tetrapod (テトラポット)

Large, four-legged concrete structures used to fortify breakwaters. They are designed to dissipate the force of incoming waves and are used along an estimated 50% of the Japan coastline.

to (斗)

A unit of volume measurement in ancient Japan. 1 to is 18.039 liters.

Tochigi-ken (栃木県)

A prefecture located in the south-central region of Honshu Island, Japan.

Togakushi (戸隠)

Mountains located in Nagano Prefecture. Also the current name of a town formerly known as Togakure.

Toichi Tookatsu (十市遠勝)
? - 1569

Toichi Tookatsu succeeded his father Toichi Tootada as head of the Toichi Clan of Yamato in 1545 at a young age. In 1559, when Miyoshi Nagayoshi became the real power in the capital and sent his vassal Matsunaga Hisahide to take Yamato, Tookatsu formed an alliance with Tsutsui Junkei to resist him. However, his daughter was taken hostage, and Tookatsu submitted to Hisahide.

A brief peaceful interlude dissolved into further conflict when Miyoshi Nagayoshi and Hisahide began battling the Miyoshi Triumvirate. Tsutsui Junkei took the side of the Triumvirate, and the Toichi Clan split between those who wanted to join Hisahide and those who wanted side with the Tsutsui Clan. The Akiyama Clan, who had joined with Hisahide, invaded Toichi terrority in 1568. Unable to defend against the attack, Tookatsu abandoned Ryuuouzan Castle and fled to Toichi Castle.

Hisahide's power and influence grew rapidly under Oda Nobunaga, and Tookatsu turned to him once more. However, he suddenly died of illness the following year without a son to succeed him.

Toichi Tootada (十市遠忠)
1496 - 1545

A commander in Yamato during the Sengoku who became head of his clan in 1533. He formed a peace alliance with the Tsutsui Clan in 1540 and married the daughter of Tsutsui Junkou, bringing about the golden age of the Toichi Clan. He built Ryuuouzan Castle, one of the largest castles in Yamato. He was said to be a superior warrior as well as a talented poet. At his sudden death of illness in 1545 at the age of 49, he was succeeded by his son and heir Toichi Tookatsu.

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