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Aichi-ken (愛知県)

A prefecture formed from the ancient provinces of Owari, Mikawa and Ho.

Aizawa-byouin (相沢病院)

The hospital at which Yuiko stays isn't given in the novel, but is implied in the manga to be this hospital, a fairly big institution in the City of Matsumoto.

Aizu (会津)

Also known as: Aidu

In ancient Japan, a feudal domain known as Aizu-han, a part of the Mutsu Province; today, the region which is the westernmost third of Fukushima Prefecture. The area was ruled by the Hoshina Clan, former retainers of the Takeda Clan, which was known for its martial skill.

Akasaka (赤坂)

A large residential and commercial area located in northern Minato, Tokyo.

Akita-ken (秋田県)

A prefecture located in the Northeast Region of Japan, ruled by the Satake Clan from 1602 to the late 1800s.

Aoba Joushi (青葉城趾)

Also known as: Sendai-jou (仙台城), Gojourou (五城楼)
Lit. 'Fresh Leaves Castle Ruins'

The ruins of a castle located in Sendai City built by Date Masamune in 1601. It was the governmental seat of Sendai-han and designated a historical landmark of Japan.

The castle sat on Aoba Hill and was naturally defended by a 400-foot cliff on one side and the Hirose River on the other. Masamune built the Inner Citadel and the Western Wing on Aoba Hill, and Date Tadamune built the Second Wing and Third (Northern) wings at its base. The ruins of the Third Wing is now the Sendai Museum.

All that remains of the original castle today are old stone walls; the rest were dismantled or destroyed in fire, earthquakes, and bombings.

Asaoka Inn (浅岡旅館)

A Japanese-style inn owned by Asaoka Maiko's family located on the banks Lake Chuuzenjiview map location. It has two stories, with the second affording a gorgeous view of the lake.

Ashino-ko (芦ノ湖)

Also known as: Hakone Lake, Ashinoko Lake, Manji Pond

Lake Ashi is a crater lake that lies along the southwest wall of the caldera of Mt. Hakone, located in Hakone Town. It is known for its beautiful views of Mt. Fuji and many hot springs.

Legend has it that during the Nara Period, when the lake was still called Manji Pond, it was home to a poisonous nine-headed dragon. In order to appease the dragon's anger, the villagers would offer maidens to it as sacrifices. Holy Priest Mangan, who had come to Mt. Hakone to practice asceticism, heard the tale and bound the evil dragon to a rock at the bottom of the lake in order to save the villagers. The dragon promised to protect the mountains and villages, and thus reformed, became a dragon god. Thereafter the villagers fed the dragon red rice instead of their daughters.

Ashiya-shi (芦屋市)

A city founded in Hyougo Prefecture in 1871, Ashiya was designated as an urban planning area in the early 1900s, which led to the development of large single-family homes along the hills overlooking Osaka Bay.

Azabu (麻布)

An upscale residential district located in Minato Ward, Tokyo.

Azumino-shi (安曇野市)

A city located in Nagano Prefecture.

Blood Pledge Castle (血盟城)

The castle of the Maou, so named because of the vow made by the earth spirits to the Shinou: should the castle be occupied by any save the Maou, their blood would be taken in compensation for their crime. Said to be the royal castle which is impregnable.

The castle has three floors (five floors in one section) and 252 rooms, with long stairs and tall ceilings. It also has a barracks of 4500 full-time soldiers.

Cavalcade (カヴァルケード)

A human kingdom neighboring Shinma Kingdom by sea, it is hostile towards Shinma at the beginning.

Chausu-yama (茶臼山)

A mountain located in Nagano Prefecture, whose name translates to "tea-mortar mountain" because it is shaped like the mortar used to grind green tea in Japanese tea ceremonies. This is where the Takeda army set up its battle formations in the Battle of Kawanakajima.

Chiba-ken (千葉県)

A prefecture located on the island of Honshuu, Japan which is composed of the ancient provinces of Awa, Kazusa, and Shimousa.

Chikuma-kawa (千曲川)

Lit. "River of a Thousand Songs"; A river 367 kilometers (228 miles) in length which runs through Nagano Prefecture.

Chikuma-shi (千曲市)

A city in Nagano Prefecture which was found from the former towns of Koushoku, Kamiyamada, and Tokura on September 1, 2003.

Chikuzen-no-kuni (筑前国)

An ancient province of Japan located on Kyuushuu which is now the north-western part of Fukuoka Prefecture. Chikuzen bordered the provinces of Buzen, Bungo, Chikugo, and Hizen.

Chougaku-ji (長岳寺)

A Kouyan-Shingon temple built in 824 by Kuukai for Emperor Junna with Amida Nyorai as its principle buddha (the first one in Japan to have crystal eyes). The bell tower of the temple, built in the Heian Period (794-1185) is also Japan's oldest and the only structure built by Kuukai from that time period.

The garden of the temple is located just through the bell tower gate, and on the left is the main temple building. The ceiling of the main temple is known as the "bloody ceiling". When Ryuuouzan Castle behind the temple was attacked by Matsunaga Hisahide during the Sengoku Period, there was also fighting within the temple. It's said that the blood of soldiers flowed from the open corridor into the main temple. The floorboards were later used as ceiling boards, and the bloody footprints from that time can still be clearly seen.

Chougosonshi-ji (朝護孫子寺)

Also known as: Shigisan-ji, Shigi no Bishamon-san

Chougosonshi Temple is a famous Shigisan-Shingon temple located about halfway up Mt. Shigi in Nara. The temple is the head temple of Bishamonten and was built by Prince Regent Shoutoku in 594 in the spot where Bishamonten was said to have first appeared in Japan in the month, year, and day of the Tiger.

The temple houses the Shigisan Engi emaki, a scroll painted in the Heian Era.

Chuugoku-chihou (中国地方)

The westernmost area of Japan on the island of Honshuu comprised of the prefectures of Hiroshima, Okayama, Shimane, Tottori and Yamaguchi.

Chuuou Expressway (中央自動車道)

Lit.: Central Expressway
Also known as: Chuuou Route, Chuuou Highway

A tolled highway crossing central Japan that starts in Tokyo and goes through the prefectures of Yamanashi, Nagano, Gifu, and Aichi before terminating just short of Nagoya.

Chuuzenji-ko (中禅寺湖)

Lake Chuuzenji, located in Nikkou National Park in the city of Nikkouview map location, Tochigi Prefecture, is one of Japan's 100 famous views. It is the 25th largest lake in Japan and drains through the Kegon Falls.

Cimarron (シマロン)

A human kingdom which is hostile towards Shinma Kingdom at the beginning of the story. The demon sword Morgif was discovered on one of its islands, Van der Veer Island.

Daimonzawa-gawa (大門沢川)

Lit: Great Gates Marsh River; one of the principle rivers of Matsumoto. Although small, it flows through the heart of Matsumoto and is intimately known to its residents. Its head lies at Keshibouzu-yama, and at its tail joins with Narai River.

Dentetsu-Uozu-eki (電鉄魚津駅)

A station on the main line of the local electric railway, located in Uozu City. It is an overhead station, built in 1936, located on the 3rd floor of the Dentetsu-Uozu Station Building.

Dewa-no-kuni (出羽)

An ancient province of Japan with was split from Echigo, comprising of parts of the modern prefectures of Yamagata and Akita. It was held by the Mogami and Akita clans.

Ecchuu-no-kuni (越中国)

Also written as: Etchu

An ancient province of Japan bordering on Echigo, Shinano, Hida, Kaga, and Noto, which is now Toyama Prefecture. The territory was contested by the clans of neighboring provinces during the Sengoku Era, the Uesugi Clan among them. The Oda Clan took the province from Uesugi Kagekatsu, and Sassa Narimasa governed the area for a number of years, followed by the Akimoto, Matsudaira, and Hosokawa Clans.

Echigo-no-kuni (越国)

An ancient province in north-central Japan which was ruled by Uesugi Kenshin during the Sengoku Period. Now a part of Niigata Prefecture.

Echizen-no-kuni (越前国)

An ancient province of Japan located on Honshuu which is now the northern part of Fukui Prefecture.

Edo-jou (江戸城)

Also known as: Chiyoda Castle (千代田城)

Edo Castle is a flatland castle located in what is now the Chiyoda District of Tokyo, once called Edo in the Toshima District of Musashi Province. It has been designated a special historical landmark and is now used as the Imperial Palace.

The warrior to first use Edo as his base was Edo Shigetsugu, and the Edo Clan resided there from the end of the Heian Period to the beginning of the Kamakura Period. After the destruction of the Edo Clan in Kantou riots in the 15th Century, Oota Doukan, a vassal of the Ougigayatsu-Uesugi Clan, built Edo Castle there in 1457. Doukan was later killed by his master Uesugi Sadamasa, and the Uesugi took possession of the castle. After the fall of the Ougigayatsu-Uesugi Clan, the castle came under control of the Houjou Clan.

After the Siege of Odawara, Toyotomi Hideyoshi bequeathed Houjou's old fiefs to Tokugawa Ieyasu and decreed that he should move into Edo Castle. Ieyasu did so on Aug. 30, 1590 and later established the Tokugawa Shogunate with Edo as its military capital. His grandson Tokugawa Iemitsu greatly expanded the castle and grounds from 1593 to 1636.

The last Tokugawa shogun surrendered Edo Castle to the imperial forces on Apr. 11, 1868. The castle was renamed Tokyo Castle, then Imperial Castle. The Meiji Emperor took possession of the castle in the later part of the same year made it his imperial residence.

Enryaku-ji (延暦寺)

Enryaku-ji is a Tendai monastery located on Mount Hiei, established by Saichou in 788 during the early Heian Period (794 - 1185). Oda Nobunaga leveled Enryaku-ji in 1571 in order to end the power of the Tendai warrior monks.

Enzan-shi (塩山市)

A city located in the north-east area of Yamanashi Prefecture with a population of around 26,500 people

Erin-ji (恵林寺)

Lit.: Temple of the Blessed Forest; house temple of Takeda Shingen of Kai which was burned to the ground by Oda Nobunaga during his invasion of the province in 1582. The temple was restored during the Tokugawa period of peace.

Ferris University (フェリス女学院大学)

A private women's university founded in 1870 and established as a university in 1965, located in Kanagawa Prefecture. Its motto is "for others".

Fuji-san (富士山)

Mount Fuji is the highest mountain in Japan, an active volcano, and one of its "Three Holy Mountains," frequently depicted in literature and art. It is popular tourist and mountain-climbing destination.

Fukashi Chuugakkou (深志中学校)

Fukashi Junior High (a fictional school) is where Takaya and Yuzuru attended junior high. Takaya had a reputation as a trouble student there. He and Yuzuru were in the same class in their first year and in different classes in their second year. Takaya started skipping school about midway through his first year, after his parents divorced.

Kayama was in Yuzuru's class in second year, and Yokomori and Ichinose were a year above them.

Fukazawa-yama (深沢山)

Now known as: Shiro-yama (Castle Mountain/城山), Hachioujishiro-yama (八王子城山)

A mountain located in Tokyo, 445.5 meters in height. Houjou Ujiteru built his Hachiouji Castle at the summit. The "Hachiouji Castle Ruins Tunnel", a part of the Kenou Expressway, now passes beneath it.

Fukui-shi (福井市)

Fukui City is the capital of Fukui Prefecture, located in the north-central part of Honshuu on the coast of the Sea of Japan. The city was heavily bombed and devastated during World War II.

Fukushima-ken (福島県)

A prefecture located in the Touhoku region of Japan's main island of Honshuu. It was formerly a part of the province of Mutsu.

Futarasan Jinja (二荒山神社)

Futarasan Shrine is a Shinto shrine located in the city of Nikkou founded by Holy Priest Shoudou. It enshrines three mountain deities: Ookuninushi, Tagorihime, and Ajisukitakahikone of Mt. Nantai (also called Mt. Futara), Mt. Nyohou, and Mt. Tarou.

Its main shrine (Honden) was built in 767, its middle shrine (Chuuguushi view map location) in 784, and its rear shrine (Okumiya) in 782.

Giminduka (義民塚)

Lit.: "Mound of the Selfless"

The mound which holds the remains of those executed in the Kasuke Ikki, built to honor them after those remains turned up during construction in 1950. Located in Miyabuchi, Matsumoto.

Gotou-shi (五島市)

A city located in Nagasaki which comprises the south-west half of the Gotou-Retto Islands in the South China Sea.

Grantz (グランツ地方)

Grantz is located on the northern tip of Shinma Kingdom and is the birthplace of Adalbert von Grantz.

Gunma-ken (群馬県)

The northern-most prefecture of the Kanto region of Japan's main island of Honshuu.

Gunman-ken (群馬県)

A prefecture of Japan located in the northwest corner of the Kantou region on Honshuu island. Its capital is Maebashi.

Hachigata-jou (鉢形城)

Hachigata Castle was a mountain castle built in Musashi Province (now Saitama Prefecture) in 1476 by Nagao Kageharu in defiance of the Yamanouchi-Uesugi Clan which his clan served when the then-clan head Uesugi Akisada passed him over for inheritance of the position of Nagao clan head in favor of his younger brother Nagao Tadakage.

Five years later, Oota Doukan of the Ougigayatsu branch attacked the castle and finally took the castle for Uesugi Akisada. During the next few decades the two branches of the Uesugi Clan fought over the castle.

After the Battle of Kawagoe Castle in 1546, the Houjou Clan became the rulers of Musashi, and Houjou Ujikuni became master of the castle in 1564. Thereafter it served as one of the bases from which the Houjou Clan controlled the Kantou.

It strategic position at an important crossroads made it a target for various attacking warlords, including Takeda Shingen in 1569 and Uesugi Kenshin in 1574, but its formidable defenses, both natural (nestled as it is between two rivers and high cliffs) and man-made, enabled it to repel all comers.

The castle withstood siege from 35,000 troops with a garrison of only 3,000 for a month during the Siege of Odawara, but Ujikuni finally surrendered on the condition that the lives of his men would be spared.

Hachiouji-jou (八王子城)

Hachiouji Castle was a mountain castle built by Houjou Ujiteru on Mt. Fukazawa in 1587 in a strategic part of West Kantou (now Tokyo). Hachiouji, or "Eight Princes", was so named because the eight sons of the eight Buddhist Gozu Tenno deities were enshrined at the summit of the mountain.

Ujiteru made Hachiouji his main fortress, but in 1590 during the Siege of Odawara, Ujiteru and his main vassals raced to join the battle at Odawara, leaving only a few vassals, troops, mobilized peasants and their families—in all around 1000 to face the 15,000 of the combined armies of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Uesugi Kagekatsu, Maeda Toshiie, and Sanada Masayuki.

The castle was overrun and fell in a single day. Yokochikenmotsu Yoshinobu, the chamberlain, and the other vassals committed seppuku because they had not been able to take decisive action. The women and children killed themselves or threw themselves into the waterfall of the lord's palace, starting with Ujiteru's wife Hisa. Stories say that the waterfall ran with blood for three days and three nights.

Tokugawa Ieyasu later abandoned the castle.

The castle ruins were declared a historical landmark on June 9, 1951.

Hachiouji-shi (八王子市)

Hachiouji City is the eighth-largest city in Tokyo, a little west of Tokyo's center, and today serves mostly as a residential city for people working in Tokyo. It contains many schools and universities, and attractions include Takao-san, a popular hiking location, the Hachiouji Castle Ruins on Jinba-san around an hour outside the city, and the Tama Goryou.

Haguro-san (羽黒山)

One of the three sacred mountains of Dewa, a major pilgrimage destination for followers of Shugendou. It contains a 600-year old Five-Story Pagoda, built of wood without a single nail.